The NPT aims to provide a unique venue for collaborative research on photovoltaic technology. Developing broadly applicable, “technology agnostic” solutions by addressing technology-specific problems is the goal. Understanding gained in research will be embedded in end-to-end modeling capabilities that includes process, device, characterization, reliability, and systems. The NPT aims to become an international center of gravity for PV research that connects islands of excellence, engages a variety of disciplines in industry and universities, and promotes discussion, collaboration, dissemination, and technology transfer. NPT will also provide a global forum for industry-university dialog and an exceptional, industry-relevant experience for students.
Photovoltaic (solar cell) technology has great potential for contributing to the world’s need for new sources of environmentally clean and sustainable energy.
Solar cell R&D and manufacturing is fragmented according to technology (e.g. crystalline, thin-film, 1-sun, concentrator, etc.) and discipline (e.g. chemistry, materials science, electrical engineering, etc.). Common problems are not recognized and the critical mass needed for effective solutions is hard to achieve. University-industry-federal lab communication needs to be stronger.
• A unique center-scale network of universities and companies that connects islands of excellence to address PV technology broadly.
• An international forum for industry-university-government dialog that helps to define common industrial needs and engaging university researchers.
• Exceptional experience for students
• A web-based presence that ties it all together.
• Industry-funded university research program managed by the Energy Research Initiative, part of the Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) — the world’s leading technology research consortium.
• Leverage research that complements the industrially-funded core.
A “technology agnostic” philosophy – general solutions developed by solving specific problems.
End-to-end solutions – from process and materials, to devices, reliability, and systems
1) Materials and Processes -ab initio studies of PV materials -process simulation to predict device structure
2) Device Simulation and Modeling -broadly applicable to PV technologies -exploration / assessment of novel concepts
3) Characterization for Predictive Modeling -physics-based methodologies that link metrology and simulation
4) Physics-based Reliability -models for reliability leading to procedures for science-based, accelerated life-time testing
5) PV Systems -compact models to relate materials and devices to system performance
6) Software Platform -embedding understanding into research-grade software tools that are readily-used by problem-solvers -nanoHUB/HUBzero to support dissemination, collaboration, and education
The PVhub is part of the nanoHUB network. Making use of nanoHUB/HUBzero cyberinfrastructure, it supports the work of the NPT through a science gateway that provide services for dissemination, education, collaboration and technology transfer. The signature service is the ability to deliver simulation services through a standard web browser with no need to download, install, or support software.
Through the Semiconductor Research Corporation’s Energy Research Initiartive, a global consortium of companies funds NPT research on a broad range of industry-relevant research on PV technology. See http://www.src.org/program/eri/
The U.S. National Science Foundation’s Network for Computational Nanotechnology seed funds the research that lead to the creation of the NPT, and it’s science gateway, nanoHUB.org has become a major venue for dissemination of resources for research, education, and collaboration. See http://www.ncn.purdue.edu/