Nanoscale Antenna Apertures
24 Apr 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Xianfan Xu
This presentation will discuss light concentration and enhancement in nanometer-scale ridge aperture antennas. Resent research, including numerical simulations and near field optical measurements has demonstrated that nanoscale ridge antenna apertures can concentrate light into nanometer domain. More importantly, these ridge antenna apertures also provide enhanced optical transmission several orders of magnitude higher than regularly shaped nano-apertures. We will discuss fundamental theories of ridge antenna apertures, finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculations for optimizing the design of these antenna apertures, and near field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) measurements of the near field intensity distribution of the light transmitted through these apertures. It is shown that the nanoscale antenna apertures can produce a concentrated light spot beyond the diffraction limit with enhanced transmission. Potential applications of these nanoscale aperture antennas include nano-lithography and nano-imaging.