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Atomistic Modeling and Simulation Tools for Nanoelectronics and their Deployment on nanoHUB.org

By Gerhard Klimeck

Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Published on

Abstract

At the nanometer scale the concepts of device and material meet and a new device is a new material and vice versa. While atomistic device representations are novel to device physicists, the semiconductor materials modeling community usually treats infinitely periodic structures. NEMO 3-D bridges the gap and enables 52 million atom electronic structure simulations of quantum dots, quantum wells, nanowires, and impurities with relevant device dimensions. The new OMEN code enables quantum transport in atomistically resolved systems.

Two electronic structure calculation examples will illustrate the importance of atomistic disorder in realistically large systems. For strained Si quantum wells on wafer-miscut SiGe substrates valley splitting is computed as a function of magnetic field. For InAs quantum dots embedded in an InGaAs strain reducing layer on top of a GaAs substrate NEMO 3-D can model the non-linear optical transition energy dependence as a function of In-concentration. Both simulation sets match experimental data without adjustment to the NEMO 3-D material parameters or device geometries.

Electron and hole transport simulations through atomistically represented systems remain computationally and even conceptually challenging. Quantum transport simulations of high mobility transistors and band-to-band-tunneling transistors will be shown using the next generation OMEN tool. Both NEMO 3-D and OMEN perform very well on parallel machines and demonstrated efficient usage of up to 8,192 and 222,720 processors, respectively.

Ultimately these simulation tools will have the most impact if they can leave the hands of computational scientists and be put into the hands of experimentalists and educators. nanoHUB.org provides a platform for such tool deployment and we will highlight our achievements and plans on tool deployment of OMEN and NEMO3D on the nanoHUB.

Bio

Gerhard Klimeck is the Director of the Network for Computational Nanotechnology at Purdue University and a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering. He guides the technical developments and strategies of nanoHUB.org. He was the Technical Group Supervisor of the High Performance Computing Group and a Principal Scientist at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech and a member of technical staff at the Central Research Lab of Texas Instruments Prof. Klimeck’s research interest is in the modeling of nanoelectronic devices, parallel cluster computing, and genetic algorithms. Dr. Klimeck received his Ph.D. in 1994 on Quantum Transport from Purdue University and his German electrical engineering degree in 1990 from Ruhr-University Bochum. Dr. Klimeck’s work is documented in over 130 peer-reviewed journal and 125 proceedings publications and over 130 invited and 280 contributed conference presentations.

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203 Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

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nanoHUB.org, a resource for nanoscience and nanotechnology, is supported by the National Science Foundation and other funding agencies. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.