Nano Solutions to Our Impending Energy Crisis

By Ali Shakouri

Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Published on

Abstract

Please Note; This presentation has audio difficulties in various parts.

In this talk we review some of the advances in nanoscale energy conversion devices and discuss about the challenges and opportunities to provide a clean energy infrastructure. Couple of examples from solar and thermoelectric materials, devices and systems will be given and the scale of the necessary change will be discussed.

Bio

Ali Shakouri Ali Shakouri is the Director of Birck Nanotechnology Center and is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University. He received his master’s and doctoral degrees from the California Institute of Technology in 1995 and his bachelor’s degree in engineering from Telecom ParisTech in France in 1990. From 1995-1998 he was an Assistant Research Engineer at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He then became a faculty member at the University of California, Santa Cruz in electrical engineering in 1998 and rose through the ranks to professor. He joined the faculty at Purdue University in October 2011.

Dr. Shakouri’s research focuses on nanoscale heat and current transport in semiconductor devices, high- resolution thermal imaging, micro refrigerators on a chip and waste-heat recovery. At the University of Santa Cruz, he directed the Thermionic Energy Conversion Center, a multiuniversity collaboration including Purdue that is working to improve direct thermal to electric energy conversion technologies. Project researchers are exploring the capacity of nanostructured materials to channel the random jostling of heat energy into the orderly flow of electricity. The research has applications in advancing technology for electric-powered ships and other electric vehicles.

Dr. Shakouri received a Packard Fellowship in Science and Engineering in 1999 and a NSF Career Award in 2000. He as the author or co-author of 6 book chapters, 115 papers in reviewed journals and 117 papers in refereed proceedings. He has also presented numerous invited lectures nationally and internationally.

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Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Ali Shakouri (2012), "Nano Solutions to Our Impending Energy Crisis," http://nanohub.org/resources/15821.

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Time

Location

Birck Nanotechnology Building, Room 1001, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Tags

Nano Solutions to Our Impending Energy Crisis
  • Nano solutions to our impending energy crisis 1. Nano solutions to our impendin… 0
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  • World Marketed Energy Use1990-2035 2. World Marketed Energy Use1990-… 13.733333333333333
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  • Oil Resources 3. Oil Resources 66.3
    00:00/00:00
  • 400,000 years of greenhouse-gas & temperature history based on bubbles trapped in Antarctic ice Last time CO2 >300 ppm was 25 million years ago. 4. 400,000 years of greenhouse-ga… 111.36666666666666
    00:00/00:00
  • Untitled: Slide 5 5. Untitled: Slide 5 172.03333333333333
    00:00/00:00
  • US Energy Flow 2008 6. US Energy Flow 2008 291.7
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  • US Energy Flow 1950 7. US Energy Flow 1950 458.16666666666669
    00:00/00:00
  • Direct Conversion of Heat into Electricity 8. Direct Conversion of Heat into… 555.3
    00:00/00:00
  • Peltier Effect (1834) 9. Peltier Effect (1834) 652.86666666666667
    00:00/00:00
  • Power Generation Efficiencies 10. Power Generation Efficiencies 704.23333333333335
    00:00/00:00
  • Microrefrigerators on a chip 11. Microrefrigerators on a chip 878.66666666666663
    00:00/00:00
  • Performance of microrefrigerators 12. Performance of microrefrigerat… 981.13333333333333
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  • High resolution thermoreflectance imaging 13. High resolution thermoreflecta… 1052.6
    00:00/00:00
  • Potential of metal semiconductor nanocomposites 14. Potential of metal semiconduct… 1130.4333333333334
    00:00/00:00
  • Thermionic Energy Conversion Center 15. Thermionic Energy Conversion C… 1191.0666666666666
    00:00/00:00
  • Epitaxial Nitride HfN/ScN Metal Semiconductor Multilayers 16. Epitaxial Nitride HfN/ScN Meta… 1300.6
    00:00/00:00
  • Nitride Samples 17. Nitride Samples 1323.6
    00:00/00:00
  • Cross-plane IVT 18. Cross-plane IVT 1339.7
    00:00/00:00
  • Superlattice laminates 19. Superlattice laminates 1382.2666666666667
    00:00/00:00
  • Thermoelectric figure-of-merit 20. Thermoelectric figure-of-merit 1447.8
    00:00/00:00
  • TE system cost per unit area 21. TE system cost per unit area 1521.1333333333334
    00:00/00:00
  • Summary 22. Summary 1569.3333333333333
    00:00/00:00
  • Moore’s Law 23. Moore’s Law 1608.1
    00:00/00:00
  • How far can exponential growth continue? 24. How far can exponential growth… 1654.7333333333334
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  • CO2 Emission Goals (2050-2100) 25. CO2 Emission Goals (2050-2100) 1785.7333333333334
    00:00/00:00
  • CO2e/ Person (tons) 26. CO2e/ Person (tons) 1835.2333333333334
    00:00/00:00
  • Individual Emissions (2030) 27. Individual Emissions (2030) 1932.9
    00:00/00:00
  • International Summer School in Renewable Energies (since 2008) 28. International Summer School in… 2032.2666666666667
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  • Summary 29. Summary 2170.4666666666667
    00:00/00:00