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[Illinois] BioNanotechnology Seminar Series Fall 2012: Label-Free Electronic Detection of Cancer Biomarkers Using Silicon Nanowire Arrays

By Brian Dorvel

Biophysics, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL

Published on

Abstract


Improving the performance and lowering the analyte detection limits of optical and electronic biosensors is essential for advancing wide ranging applications in diagnostics and drug discovery. One of these diagnostic platforms, based upon microfluidics coupled to ion-selective field effect transistors (ISFET’s) offer great potential to address some world health goals since they can be made portable, low-cost, miniaturized, and sensitive. One of the biological targets of interest is miRNA, a small RNA which helps regulate protein expression, and its over or underexpression is commonly represented in multiple forms of cancer. Unfortunately, a number of performance issues, such as gate leakage and current instability due to fluid contact, have prevented widespread adoption of the technology for routine use. By using high-k dielectrics, such as hafnium oxide (HfO2), we have been able to address these challenges by passivating the exposed surfaces against destabilizing concerns of ion transport. With these fundamental stability issues addressed, we have created a fabrication process for HfO2 dielectric-based silicon nanowires for the detection of miRNA down to femtomolar levels.

Bio

Brian Dorvel, M-CNTC Trainee Brian is a PhD student in the Department of Biophysics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Advisers: Rashid Bashir (ECE and BioE) and Susan Clare, Indiana University School of Medicine.

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Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Brian Dorvel (2012), "[Illinois] BioNanotechnology Seminar Series Fall 2012: Label-Free Electronic Detection of Cancer Biomarkers Using Silicon Nanowire Arrays," http://nanohub.org/resources/16100.

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Time

Location

MNTL 1000, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL

Submitter

NanoBio Node, Obaid Sarvana

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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