The Single-Atom Transistor: How It Was Created and What It May Mean for the Future

By Gerhard Klimeck

Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Published on

Abstract

Professor Gerhard Klimeck will be coming to speak on his research with single atom transistors.

The end of Moore’s law has been falsely predicted repeatedly over the past 20 years, while Silicon technology has been driven to seemingly unlimited miniaturization. One foundational limit of size downscaling, however, will be hard to overcome – the discreteness of the underlying atomic system. Let’s assume cost and manufacturability issues can be overcome: Can one reach such atomic limits? Can one make wires that are say 4 atoms wide and 1 atom tall and still provide Ohmic conductivity? Can one connect such atomically thin wires to a single impurity atom embedded in Silicon? If you can build such a thing, how would you know that it is single impurity atom? What modeling approaches are needed? How can such modeling software be disseminated widely? This presentation will address these questions through experimental and theoretical results of our recently demonstrated “Single Atom Transistor” and overview nanoHUB.org briefly.

Bio

Gerhard Klimeck Gerhard Klimeck is a Professor of Electrical and Commuter Engineering at Purdue University. In the past 19 years at Texas Instruments, NASA/JPL, and Purdue he has been the driving force for the Nanoelectronic Modeling Tool Suite (NEMO). He also leads nanoHUB.org (TEDxPurdueU-Gerhard-Klimeck) as a director in the service of nanoelectronic simulation and education on the web, serving over 240,000 users. Gerhard is a fellow of the IEEE, the American Physical Society, and the Institute of Physics.

Sponsored by

Pugwash at Purdue University

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Gerhard Klimeck (2012), "The Single-Atom Transistor: How It Was Created and What It May Mean for the Future," http://nanohub.org/resources/16130.

    BibTex | EndNote

Time

Location

ME 2061, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Tags

The Single-Atom Transistor: How it was created and what it may mean for the future
  • The single-atom transistor: How it was created and what it may mean for the future 1. The single-atom transistor: Ho… 0
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  • Thanks to 2. Thanks to 42.108775442108779
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  • 1965 3. 1965 112.47914581247915
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  • Intel in 2012 4. Intel in 2012 166.7334000667334
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  • Berkeley Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis. 5. Berkeley Simulation Program wi… 282.24891558224891
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  • Stanford Stanford University PRocEss Modeling 6. Stanford Stanford University P… 357.29062395729062
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  • Birth of an Industy 7. Birth of an Industy 389.92325658992326
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  • What’s Next? New Nano Modeling Tools 8. What’s Next? New Nano Modeli… 418.21821821821823
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  • What’s Next? New Nano Modeling Tools 9. What’s Next? New Nano Modeli… 456.48982315648982
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  • nanoHUB: A Science Simulation Cloud 10. nanoHUB: A Science Simulation … 458.59192525859197
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  • Device Simulation coming of Age 11. Device Simulation coming of Ag… 515.68234901568235
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  • Device Simulation coming of Age 12. Device Simulation coming of Ag… 624.35769102435768
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  • Key Messages 13. Key Messages 657.72439105772446
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  • The single-atom transistor Presentation Outline 14. The single-atom transistor Pre… 745.27861194527861
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  • Moore’s Law Forever? 15. Moore’s Law Forever? 777.21054387721063
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  • CPU’s are not getting faster! 16. CPU’s are not getting faster… 821.8218218218218
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  • Power is the Limit! 17. Power is the Limit! 873.50684017350693
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  • Limited Performance Improvements 18. Limited Performance Improvemen… 895.56222889556227
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  • What is Special about 100W ? 19. What is Special about 100W ? 904.53787120453785
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  • Intel Projection from 2004 20. Intel Projection from 2004 909.275942609276
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  • CMOS Inverter 21. CMOS Inverter 983.14981648314983
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  • 22. "Fundamental" Limit 1126.3596930263598
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  • 23. "Fundamental" Limit 1263.0630630630631
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  • Device Scaling for Performance 24. Device Scaling for Performance 1398.2315648982317
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  • Device Scaling for Performance 25. Device Scaling for Performance 1446.1461461461463
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  • Device Scaling for Performance 26. Device Scaling for Performance 1535.3353353353355
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  • Need a Different Switch 27. Need a Different Switch 1577.3440106773442
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  • The single-atom transistor Presentation Outline 28. The single-atom transistor Pre… 1682.6159492826159
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  • Ultra-Thin-Body (8nm) InAs BTBT Device 29. Ultra-Thin-Body (8nm) InAs BTB… 1684.2842842842842
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  • UTB Band Edges 30. UTB Band Edges 1690.4904904904906
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  • UTB: Current Hotspots in Energy 31. UTB: Current Hotspots in Energ… 1723.18985652319
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  • UTB Current Density in Energy 32. UTB Current Density in Energy 1740.9409409409411
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  • UTB Current as a function of Gate Voltage 33. UTB Current as a function of G… 1753.7203870537205
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  • Strong Energy Dependence in T(E,k=0) 34. Strong Energy Dependence in T(… 1777.1771771771773
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  • Application to pin InAs UTB and Nanowire 35. Application to pin InAs UTB an… 1811.8451785118452
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  • BTBT in pin InAs Devices – SG-UTB / DG-UTB / NW Subthreshold Swing @Vds=0.2 V 36. BTBT in pin InAs Devices – S… 1845.8792125458792
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  • BTBT in pin InAs Devices – SG-UTB / DG-UTB / NW Subthreshold Swing @Vds=0.2 V 37. BTBT in pin InAs Devices – S… 1960.593927260594
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  • Benchmarking by industry: Charge-devices continue to shine D. Nikonov, I. Young (Intel) 38. Benchmarking by industry: Char… 1975.3086419753088
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  • Power Problem: Tunneling Transistors to the Rescue! 39. Power Problem: Tunneling Trans… 1977.0437103770437
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  • The single-atom transistor Presentation Outline 40. The single-atom transistor Pre… 2035.2686019352686
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  • Intel Roadmap 41. Intel Roadmap 2087.454120787454
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  • Today: non-planar 3D devices Better gate control! 42. Today: non-planar 3D devices B… 2105.6389723056391
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  • Today: non-planar 3D devices Better gate control! 43. Today: non-planar 3D devices B… 2132.8661995328662
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  • Today: non-planar 3D devices Better gate control! 44. Today: non-planar 3D devices B… 2242.4424424424424
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  • Roadmap of finite atoms! 45. Roadmap of finite atoms! 2277.711044377711
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  • Roadmap of finite electrons! 46. Roadmap of finite electrons! 2297.2972972972975
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  • Quantum Dot Research 47. Quantum Dot Research 2314.3476810143479
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  • Roadmap of finite electrons! 48. Roadmap of finite electrons! 2388.0880880880882
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  • FinFETs with finite electrons 49. FinFETs with finite electrons 2390.256923590257
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  • Transport spectroscopy of a single gated donor atom Delft, Melbourne, Purdue, IMEC 50. Transport spectroscopy of a si… 2497.4974974974975
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  • The single-atom transistor Presentation Outline 51. The single-atom transistor Pre… 2608.7754421087757
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  • Transport through single electron states 52. Transport through single elect… 2627.4607941274608
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  • Single Electron Transport 53. Single Electron Transport 2639.9065732399067
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  • Device Schematic 54. Device Schematic 2671.2379045712382
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  • 55. "The I-V curve of atomic trans… 2742.8428428428429
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  • Experimental Data 56. Experimental Data 2751.6182849516185
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  • From theory to reality: Simulation Ingredients 57. From theory to reality: Simula… 2780.5472138805471
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  • From theory to reality 58. From theory to reality 2807.3073073073074
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  • From theory to reality 59. From theory to reality 2811.0443777110445
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  • From theory to reality 60. From theory to reality 2897.6643309976644
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  • The single-atom transistor Presentation Outline 61. The single-atom transistor Pre… 2948.0480480480483
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  • A designed single electron transistor! How did we get there? 62. A designed single electron tra… 2958.8588588588591
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  • Experimental Efforts: STM Lithography 63. Experimental Efforts: STM Lith… 2976.1094427761095
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  • Si:P System 64. Si:P System 2991.7250583917253
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  • Collaboration with UNSW: Experimental Devices 65. Collaboration with UNSW: Exper… 3019.5528862195529
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  • Questions, questions, questions 66. Questions, questions, question… 3034.0006673340008
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  • Answers…. Some… 67. Answers…. Some… 3039.8064731398067
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  • A multi-scale modeling procedure 68. A multi-scale modeling procedu… 3042.676009342676
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  • A multi-scale modeling procedure 69. A multi-scale modeling procedu… 3080.7807807807808
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  • The single-atom transistor Presentation Outline 70. The single-atom transistor Pre… 3100.9676343009678
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  • Industrial Device Trends and Challenges 71. Industrial Device Trends and C… 3114.1141141141143
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  • Industrial Device Trends and Challenges 72. Industrial Device Trends and C… 3119.6196196196197
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  • NEMO5 - Bridging the Scales From Ab-Initio to Realistic Devices 73. NEMO5 - Bridging the Scales Fr… 3136.4030697364033
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  • NEMO 3-D Multi-Scale Modeling 74. NEMO 3-D Multi-Scale Modeling 3148.8154821488156
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  • Quantum Transport far from Equilibrium 75. Quantum Transport far from Equ… 3152.5191858525195
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  • A Journey Through Nanoelectronics Tools NEMO and OMEN 76. A Journey Through Nanoelectron… 3155.9225892559225
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  • A Journey Through Nanoelectronics Tools NEMO and OMEN 77. A Journey Through Nanoelectron… 3187.6543209876545
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  • A Journey Through Nanoelectronics Tools NEMO and OMEN 78. A Journey Through Nanoelectron… 3197.697697697698
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  • A Journey Through Nanoelectronics Tools NEMO and OMEN 79. A Journey Through Nanoelectron… 3204.4044044044044
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  • A Journey Through Nanoelectronics Tools NEMO and OMEN 80. A Journey Through Nanoelectron… 3267.1004337671006
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  • Core Code / Theory Development 81. Core Code / Theory Development 3292.5592258925594
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  • Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 82. Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 3293.5268601935268
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  • Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 83. Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 3339.7063730397067
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  • Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 84. Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 3353.9539539539542
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  • Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 85. Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 3387.7210543877213
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  • Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 86. Compute Intensive: NEMO/OMEN 3439.9733066399735
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  • NEMO Funding and Leverage 87. NEMO Funding and Leverage 3475.6756756756758
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