An Overview of Fourth Fundamental Circuit Element- 'The Memristor'

By Tukaram Dattatray Dongale

Shivaji university kolhapur

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The fourth fundamental circuit element- Memristor, was mathematically predicted by Prof. Leon Chua in his seminal research paper in IEEE Transaction on Circuit Theory on the symmetric background. After four decade in 2008, researchers at the Hewlett–Packard (HP) laboratories reported the development of a new basic circuit element that completes the missing link between charge and flux linkage, which was postulated by Chua. The new roadmap in the field of circuit designing, soft computing, memory technology and neuromorphic applications are emerged out very quickly in scientific community due to memristor. However the commercial device level memristor is not realized and reported in the literature until now. This paper overviews the some of the pioneer and state of art development in the view of memristor. The criticism constrains about memristor in scientific fraternity are also discussed.


T. D. Dongale School of Nanoscience and Technology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, M.S-India

this paper present the an overview of memristor, simulation, criticism and application in general.


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  • Tukaram Dattatray Dongale (2013), "An Overview of Fourth Fundamental Circuit Element- 'The Memristor',"

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