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Active Nanophotonics: From Coherent Control of Quantum Emitters to Plasmonic Nanolasers

By Ken Shih

Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Published on

Abstract

Light-matter interaction at nanometer scale is emerging as one of the most exciting fields in nanoscience. In combination with the advanced materials synthesis technique to tailor novel low-dimensional electronic systems, new doors are open toward design and realization of nanophotonic devices with novel functionalities. Here I will present two areas that have been pursued in my research group. The first concerns optical coherent control of semiconductor quantum dots as quantum light sources for quantum information applications1-3. In particular, I will discuss resonant excitation of quantum emitters in a cavity which enables observation of key signatures of resonant fluorescence such as Mollow triplets and Rabi oscillations in second order photon correlations. The second topic deals with recent exciting development in metal based plasmonic platform which enables the realization of plasmonic nanolasers that break the diffraction limit4. I will discuss the first CW operation of plasmonic nanolaser with ultra-low thresholds and show that the underlying mechanism is spasing. I will also show some recent breakthough in achieving full color nanolasers on the same materials platform 5. Future perspectives of on-chip nanoscale quantum-photonic circuits will be discussed.

References

  1. Htoon, H., et al., Interplay of Rabi oscillations and quantum interference in semiconductor quantum dots. Physical Review Letters, 2002. 88(8).
  2. Muller, A., et al., Resonance fluorescence from a coherently driven semiconductor quantum dot in a cavity. Physical Review Letters, 2007. 99(18).
  3. Flagg, E.B., et al., Resonantly driven coherent oscillations in a solid-state quantum emitter. Nature Physics, 2009. 5(3): p. 203-207.
  4. Lu, Y.J., et al., Plasmonic Nanolaser Using Epitaxially Grown Silver Film. Science, 2012. 337(6093): p. 450-453.
  5. Lu, Y.J., et al., Unpublished.

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Ken Shih (2014), "Active Nanophotonics: From Coherent Control of Quantum Emitters to Plasmonic Nanolasers," http://nanohub.org/resources/20922.

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Time

Location

Birck Technology Center, Room 2001, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

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