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Atomistic Alloy Disorder in Nanostructures

By Gerhard Klimeck

Purdue University

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Abstract

Electronic structure and quantum transport simulations are typically performed in perfectly ordered semiconductor structures. Bands and modes are defined resulting in quantized conduction and discrete states. But what if the material is fundamentally disordered? What if the disorder is at the same length scale as the device itself? This presentation will provide an introduction to the intriguing physics of disordered systems in bulk, quantum dots, nanowires, and quantum wells. The general tool electronic structure tool NEMO 3-D is used for the simulation of atomistically disordered systems that are of realistically large length-scales containing millions of atoms.

Bio

Gerhard Klimeck is the Technical Director of the Network for Computational Nanotechnology at Purdue University and a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering since Dec. 2003. He was the Technical Group Supervisor at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. His research interest is in the modeling of nanoelectronic devices, parallel cluster computing, and genetic algorithms.

Credits

The presentation reviews material from primarily three scientific publications:

  • "Development of a Nanoelectronic 3-D (NEMO 3-D) Simulator for Multimillion Atom Simulations and Its Application to Alloyed Quantum Dots" (INVITED), Gerhard Klimeck, Fabiano Oyafuso, Timothy B. Boykin, R. Chris Bowen, and Paul von Allmen Computer Modeling in Engineering and Science (CMES) Volume 3, No. 5 pp 601-642 (2002). preprint on nanoHUB.
  • "Atomistic Electronic Structure Calculations of Unstrained Alloyed Systems Consisting of a Million Atoms", Fabiano Oyafuso, Gerhard Klimeck, R. Chris Bowen, and Timothy B. Boykin, Journal of Computational Electronics, Vol 1. Issue 3, pp. 317-321 (2002). preprint on nanoHUB.
  • Neerav Kharche, Marta Prada, Timothy B. Boykin, and Gerhard Klimeck, "Valley-splitting in strained Silicon quantum wells modeled with 2 degree miscuts, step disorder, and alloy disorder", Applied Phys. Lett. Vol. 90, 092109 (2007). preprint on nanoHUB.

Further details and credits can be found at the NEMO 3-D home page .

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Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Gerhard Klimeck (2007), "Atomistic Alloy Disorder in Nanostructures," http://nanohub.org/resources/2350.

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EE Building, Room 317

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