Synthesis and Analysis of Silver/Gold Nanoparticles

By Shelby Hatch, George C. Schatz

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Abstract

This lab provides instructions for the synthesis of nanoscale silver colloidal particles along with questions to guide student thinking regarding the molecular-scale interactions between acids, bases, salts and sugar with the silver particles.

A UV-Vis spectrophotometer (300-800 nm) is used to record the spectrum as electrolyte solution is slowly added over time.  The interesting optical scattering effect of the nanoscale particles is also investigated.

The Nanosphere Optics Lab simulation tool is then used to calculate the scattering expected from specific nanosized silver particles according to Mie theory, using computational electrodynamics calculations.  Discussion questions lead students to trends between the extinction maximum, the particle size and the refractive index of the solution, and towards matching simulation results with their experimentally obtained spectra.

 

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Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Shelby Hatch; George C. Schatz (2017), "Synthesis and Analysis of Silver/Gold Nanoparticles," http://nanohub.org/resources/26452.

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Tags

  1. Spectroscopy
  2. tool:nsoptics
  3. Mie Scattering
  4. General chemistry
  5. silver nanoparticles
  6. chemistry education