Digital electronics is based on stable bits that can have one of two values, 0 and 1. At the other extreme we have quantum computing using using q-bits that can be in superposition states that are 0 and 1 at the same time. In our recent work we have introduced a concept that is intermediate between bits and q-bits, namely a probabilistic bit or p-bit that fluctuates randomly between 0 and 1.
In this talk, we will argue that within MRAM technology the magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ’s) that store bits, with minor modifications, can represent p-bits as well. These can be used to build p-circuits for (1) combinatorial optimization, (2) Bayesian inference, (3) invertible Boolean logic that not only provides the output for given inputs, but also all inputs consistent with a given output, (4) image recognition and other machine learning applications.
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Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN