- The Progression of Medicine
- Conventional "modern" medicine
- "Personalized" or "molecular" medicine
- Nanomedicine "single-cell" medicine
- How Conventional Medicine Works for Diagnosis of Disease
- Identification of the "diseased state"
- Simple measurements of body structure and function
- Follow-up clinical tests
- Internal examinations by non-invasive in-vivo imaging
- Molecular tests for specific gene properties
- Comparison of individual results with "normal ranges"
- How Conventional Medicine Works for Treatment of Disease
- Stabilization of patient – "heal thyself"
- Surgical repair of injuries
- Treatment with drugs locally
- Treatment with drugs systemically
- Treatment with targeted therapies
- Factors Limiting the Progress of Medicine
- Some Specific Problems with Conventional Medicine
- Consequences of waiting for patient symptoms
- Trained people and modern drugs are expensive
- Diagnostic technologies, if available, are still relatively primitive and/or expensive
- Crude targeting of drugs
- Personalized Medicine
- Based on genetic characteristics of the individual patient
- Specific gene rearrangments or mutations
- Specific SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms)
- Medicine performed at single cell level
- Possibility of "regenerative medicine"
- Blurring of distinction between prevention and treatment
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