Application of the Keldysh Formalism to Quantum Device Modeling and Analysis



Published on


The effect of inelastic scattering on quantum electron transport through layered semi-conductor structures is studied numerically using the approach based on the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism of Keldysh, Kadanoff, and Baym. The Markov assumption is not made, and the energy coordinate is retained. The electron-photon interaction is treated in the self-consistent first Born approximation (SCFBA). The Pauli-exclusion principle is taken into account exactly within the SFCBA. The retention of the energy coordinate allows the calculation of a number of quantities which give insight into the effect of inelastic scattering on electron transport: the effect of inelastic scattering on the occupation of the energy levels, the density of states, the energy distribution of the current density, and the power density is calculated from a quantum kinetic equation for actual device structures under high bias. The approach is used to study the effect of emitter quasi-bound states on the I-V characteristic of resonant tunneling diodes (RTD's) the effect of barrier asymmetry on the phonon-peak in RTD's, and energy balance and heat exchange in mescopic systems.


Roger Lake, Ph.D Thesis, Purdue University 1992.

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Roger Lake (2008), "Application of the Keldysh Formalism to Quantum Device Modeling and Analysis,"

    BibTex | EndNote


  1. nanoelectronics
  2. NEGF
  3. scattering
  4. quantum transport
  5. tunneling
  6. Ph.D. thesis