Scanning Probe Microscope Operation
Scanning Probe Microscopes (SPMs) include Atomic Force Microscopes (AFMs) and Scanning Tunneling Microscopes (STMs or STEMs). They are the only instruments in widespread use that can actually "see" single atoms! You can skim this resource quickly to learn the general concepts of SPMs, or you can read carefully and almost be ready to operate one!
John Bean, University of Virginia
Virtual Science Lab
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
John C. Bean (2005), "Scanning Probe Microscope Operation," https://nanohub.org/resources/442.