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Illinois ECE 598EP Hot Chips: Atoms to Heat Sinks

By Eric Pop

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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Abstract

Course Ad This course pursues a parallel treatment of electrical and thermal issues in modern nanoelectronics, from fundamentals to system-level issues. Topics include energy transfer through electrons and phonons, mobility and thermal conductivity, power dissipation in modern devices (CMOS, phase-change memory, nanowires, nanotubes), circuit leakage, thermal breakdown, system-level issues, thermometry, and heat sinks.

This course is intended to bridge a gap for those of you with Electrical Engineering or Physics backgrounds who are interested in nanoscale power and thermal issues, and for those of you with Heat Transfer (Mechanical Engineering) backgrounds interested in nanoscale electronic issues. Material Scientists, Chemical Engineers and other interested parties are also encouraged to enroll. We will cover fundamentals as well as modern research topics, and would like to accommodate a broad range of backgrounds and interests. If you are unsure of your individual preparation for this class, please check with the instructor. Broadly speaking, a basic knowledge of solid-state physics, transistor operation, and familiarity with Matlab (or similar) would be ideal.

This course pursues a parallel treatment of electrical and thermal issues in modern nanoelectronics, from fundamentals to system-level issues. Topics include energy transfer through electrons and phonons, mobility and thermal conductivity, power dissipation in modern devices (CMOS, phase-change memory, nanowires, nanotubes), circuit leakage, thermal breakdown, system-level issues, thermometry, and heat sinks. Handouts are supplemented with papers from the research literature. Grading is based on homeworks, Wikipedia assignments, a final conference-level group paper, and oral presentations.

Topics:

  • Introduction: Why Power Matters in Nano-Electronics
  • Electronics Overview from Silicon to Package
  • The Microscopic Origin of Macroscopic Laws:
  • Low-Dimensional and Boundary effects
  • Power in Electronic Devices
  • Power in Integrated Circuits
  • Power in Electronic Systems
  • Power and Architecture
  • FINAL In-Class Presentations

Course Website/Information

References

No single textbook covers all topics. We will rely on handouts, slides, PDFs, and sections from several books including:
  • Nanoscale Energy Transport and Conversion,” G. Chen, Oxford, (2004)
  • Quantum Transport: Atom to Transistor, by S. Datta, Cambridge, (2006)
  • Low-power CMOS VLSI circuit design, by K. Roy and S. Prasad, Wiley, (2000)

Two related textbooks are fully available online:

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Eric Pop (2009), "Illinois ECE 598EP Hot Chips: Atoms to Heat Sinks," http://nanohub.org/resources/6163.

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Lecture Number/Topic Online Lecture Video Lecture Notes Supplemental Material Suggested Exercises
Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 1 - Hot Chips: Atoms to Heat Sinks View Flash
Introduction Content: The Big Picture Another CPU without a Heat Sink Thermal Management Methods Impact on People and Environment Packaging cost IBM S/390 refrigeration and...

Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 3.1 - Hot Chips: Electrons and Phonons View Flash
Electrons and Phonons

Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 3.2 - Hot Chips: Electrons and Phonons View Flash
Electrons and Phonons

Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 3.3 - Hot Chips: Electrons and Phonons View Flash
Electrons and Phonons Topics: Energy Stored in These Vibrations The Einstein Model Einstein Low-T and High-T Behavior The Debye Model Peter Debye (1884-1966) Website Reminder The...

Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 8 - Hot Chips: Thermal Conductivity of Solids View Flash
Thermal Conductivity of Solids Topics: Kinetic Theory of Energy Transport Simple Kinetic Theory Assumptions Phonon MFP and Scattering Time Silicon Film Thermal Conductivity Silicon...

Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 12 - Hot Chips: Boundary Resistance and Thermometry View Flash
Boundary Resistance and Thermometry Topics: Summary of Boundary Resistance Acoustic vs. Diffuse Mismatch Model Band to Band Tunneling Conduction Thermionic and Field Emission(3D) ...

Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 13 - Hot Chips: Conductance Quantization View Flash
Conductance Quantization Topics: Ideal Electrical Resistance in 1-D Charge and Energy Current Flow in 1-D Conductance as Transmission Conductance of 1-D quantum wire Quasi 1-D Channel...

Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 14 - Hot Chips: Power Dissipation in Semiconductors View Flash
Power Dissipation in Semiconductors Topics: Simple Power Dissipation Models Revisit Simple Landauer Resistor Continuum view of Heat Generation Details of Joule Heating in Silicon Self...

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