2010 Nano-Biophotonics Summer School @ UIUC Lecture 3 - Fourier optics - Nonlinear optics - Microscopy

By Kimani C Toussaint

Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL

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Abstract

Ray optics-Limit of wave optics when wavelength is
infinitesimally small

Wave optics-provides a description of optical
phenomena using scalar wave theory

Electromagnetic optics- provides most complete
treatment of light within classical optics

Quantum optics-provides a quantum mechanical
description of the electromagnetic theory

Ernst Abbe explained effect of diffraction on
resolution (1873)
� Lord Rayleigh (John Strutt) established criterion
for optimum resolution from diffraction-limited
microscope (1879)
� Assumptions:
� Observations occur for conventional geometry (single
objective lens)
� Excitation light is uniform throughout the sample
� Linear absorption process (e.g., linear fluorescence)

Credits

Edited and Uploaded by Omar Sobh, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Kimani C Toussaint (2010), "2010 Nano-Biophotonics Summer School @ UIUC Lecture 3 - Fourier optics - Nonlinear optics - Microscopy," http://nanohub.org/resources/9745.

    BibTex | EndNote

Time

Location

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL

Tags

  1. Fourier Optics
  2. nanophotonics
  3. nonlinear optics
  4. microscopy
  5. 2010 nanobiophotonics summer school
  6. nano/bio
  7. Summer School
  8. Illinois
  9. Illinois
  10. Ray Optics
  11. Wave Optics
  12. electromagnetic optics
  13. quantum optics
  14. Diffraction
  15. spatial frequency
  16. Fresnel approximation
  17. space domain transform
  18. time domain approach
  19. optical fourier transfer
  20. fourier analysis
  21. thin lens transform
  22. phase matching
  23. SHG
  24. second-order nonlinear optics
  25. third-order nonlinear optics
  26. resolution
  27. objective lens