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In solid-state physics, the electronic band structure of a solid describes ranges of energy that an electron is "forbidden" or "allowed" to have. It is a function of the diffraction of the quantum mechanical electron waves in the periodic crystal lattice with a specific crystal system and Bravais lattice. The band structure of a material determines several characteristics, in particular its electronic and optical properties. More information on Band structure can be found here.
Additional Tutorials on Selected Topics in Nanotechnology
29 Mar 2011 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck, Umesh V. Waghmare, Timothy S Fisher, N. S. Vidhyadhiraja
Select tutorials in nanotechnology, a part of the 2010 NCN@Purdue Summer School: Electronics from the Bottom Up.
Tutorial 4: Far-From-Equilibrium Quantum Transport
29 Mar 2011 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
These lectures focus on the application of the theories using the nanoelectronic modeling tools NEMO 1- D, NEMO 3-D, and OMEN to realistically extended devices. Topics to be covered are realistic resonant tunneling diodes, quantum dots, nanowires, and Ultra-Thin-Body Transistors.
Tutorial 4a: High Bias Quantum Transport in Resonant Tunneling Diodes
Outline:Resonant Tunneling Diodes - NEMO1D: Motivation / History / Key InsightsOpen 1D Systems: Transmission through Double Barrier Structures - Resonant TunnelingIntroduction to RTDs: Linear Potential DropIntroduction to RTDs: Realistic Doping ProfilesIntroduction to RTDs: Relaxation Scattering...
Tutorial 4b: Introduction to the NEMO3D Tool - Electronic Structure and Transport in 3D
Electronic Structure and Transport in 3D - Quantum Dots, Nanowires and Ultra-Thin Body Transistors
Tutorial 4c: Formation of Bandstructure in Finite Superlattices (Exercise Session)
How does bandstructure occur? How large does a repeated system have to be? How does a finite superlattice compare to an infinite superlattice?
Tutorial 4d: Formation of Bandstructure in Finite Superlattices (Exercise Demo)
Demonstration of thePiece-Wise Constant Potential Barriers Tool.
27 Sep 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Alexander S McLeod, Peter Doak, Sahar Sharifzadeh, Jeffrey B. Neaton
This is an educational tool that illustrates the calculation of the electronic structure of materials using many-body perturbation theory within the GW approximation
2010 NCN@Purdue Summer School: Electronics from the Bottom Up
20 Apr 2010 |
Electronics from the Bottom Up seeks to bring a new perspective to electronic devices – one that is designed to help realize the opportunities that nanotechnology presents.
Coupled Effect of Strain and Magnetic Field on Electronic Bandstructure of Graphene
03 Dec 2010 | | Contributor(s):: yashudeep singh
We explore the possibility of coupling between planar strain and perpendicular magnetic field on electronic bandstructure of graphene. We study uni-axially, bi-axially and shear strained graphene under magnetic field. In line with Rammal’s formalism using nearest neighbor tight binding scheme we...
ABACUS: Test for Bandstructure Lab
09 Aug 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Dragica Vasileska, Gerhard Klimeck
This is a test that examines ones understanding of electronic structure once he/she has gone through the materials and exercises provided on the nanoHUB as part of the ABACUS Bandstructure topic page and running the Bandstructure Lab.
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 41: Full-Band and Atomistic Simulation of Realistic 40nm InAs HEMT
08 Jul 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck, Neerav Kharche, Neophytos Neophytou, Mathieu Luisier
This presentation demonstrates the OMEN capabilities to perform a multi-scale simulation of advanced InAs-based high mobility transistors.Learning Objectives:Quantum Transport Simulator Full-Band and Atomistic III-V HEMTs Performance Analysis Good Agreement with Experiment Some Open Issues...
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 35: Alloy Disorder in Nanowires
07 Jul 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck, Timothy Boykin, Neerav Kharche, Mathieu Luisier, Neophytos Neophytou
This presentation discusses the consequences of Alloy Disorder in unstrained strained AlGaAs nanowiresRelationship between dispersion relationship and transmission in perfectly ordered wiresBand folding in Si nanowiresTranmisison in disordered wires – relationship to an approximate...
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 34: Alloy Disorder in Quantum Dots
07 Jul 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck, Timothy Boykin, Chris Bowen
This presentation discusses the consequences of Alloy Disorder in strained InGaAs Quantum Dots Reminder of the origin of bandstructure and bandstructure engineeringWhat happens when there is disorder?Concept of disorder in the local bandstructureConfiguration noise, concentration noise,...
Description of the K.P Method for Band Structure Calculation
04 Aug 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Dragica Vasileska
This set of slides describes the k.p mehod for band structure calculation.
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 33: Alloy Disorder in Bulk
This presentation discusses disorder in AlGaAs unstrained systems in bulk. Bandstructure of an ideal simple unit cellWhat happens when there is disorder?Concept of a supercellBand folding in a supercellBand extraction from the concept of approximate bandstructureComparison of alloy disorder with...
25 Jul 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Lundstrom
his talk is an undergraduate level introduction to the field. After a brief discussion of applications, the physics of the Peltier effect is described, and the Figure of Merit (FOM), ZT, which controls the efficiency of a thermoelectric refrigerator or electric power generator, is discussed. The...
ABACUS Exercise: Bandstructure – Kronig-Penney Model and Tight-Binding Exercise
20 Jul 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Dragica Vasileska, Gerhard Klimeck
The objective of this exercise is to start with the simple Kronig-Penney model and understand formations of bands and gaps in the dispersion relation that describes the motion of carriers in 1D periodic potentials. The second exercise examines the behavior of the bands at the Brillouin zone...
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 25a: NEMO1D - Full Bandstructure Effects
02 Mar 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
(quantitative RTD modeling at room temperature)
Band Structure Lab Exercise
28 Jun 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck, Parijat Sengupta, Dragica Vasileska
Investigations of the electron energy spectra of solids form one of the most active fields of research. Knowledge of band theory is essential for application to specific problems such as Gunn diodes, tunnel diodes, photo-detectors etc. There are several standard methods to compute the band...
Ripples and Warping of Graphene: A Theoretical Study
19 May 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Umesh V. Waghmare
We use first-principles density functional theory based analysis to understand formation of ripples in graphene and related 2-D materials. For an infinite graphene, we show that ripples are linked with a low energy branch of phonons that exhibits quadratic dispersion at long wave-lengths. Many...