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In solid-state physics, the electronic band structure of a solid describes ranges of energy that an electron is "forbidden" or "allowed" to have. It is a function of the diffraction of the quantum mechanical electron waves in the periodic crystal lattice with a specific crystal system and Bravais lattice. The band structure of a material determines several characteristics, in particular its electronic and optical properties. More information on Band structure can be found here.

Computational Nanoscience, Lecture 4: Geometry Optimization and Seeing What You're Doing

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13 Feb 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Jeffrey C Grossman, Elif Ertekin

In this lecture, we discuss various methods for finding the ground state structure of a given system by minimizing its energy. Derivative and non-derivative methods are discussed, as well as the importance of the starting guess and how to find or generate good initial structures. We also briefly...

Homework Assignment: Periodic Potentials

31 Jan 2008 | | Contributor(s):: David K. Ferry

Using the Periodic Potential Lab on nanoHUB determine the allowed bands for an energy barrier of 5 eV, a periodicity W = 0.5nm, and a barrier thickness of 0.1nm. How do these bands change if the barrier thickness is changed to 0.2 nm?