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100 amps of electricity crackle in a vacuum chamber, creating a
spark that transforms carbon vapor into tiny structures. Depending
on the conditions, these structures can be shaped like little,
60-atom soccer balls, or like rolled-up tubes of atoms, arranged
in a chicken-wire pattern, with rounded ends. These tiny, carbon
nanotubes, discovered by Sumio Iijima at NEC labs in 1991, have
amazing properties. They are 100 times stronger than steel, but
weigh only one-sixth as much. They are incredibly resilient
under physical stress; even when kinked to a 120-degree angle,
they will bounce back to their original form, undamaged. And
they can carry electrical current at levels that would vaporize
ordinary copper wires.
Learn more about carbon nanotubes from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Carbon nanotubes can be found here.
Nanotribology, Nanomechanics and Materials Characterization Studies
08 Jun 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Bharat Bhushan
Fundamental nanotribological studies provide insight to molecular origins of interfacial phenomena including adhesion, friction, wear and lubrication.
Friction and wear of lightly loaded...
Modern X-ray Scattering Methods for Nanoscale Materials Analysis
0.0 out of 5 stars
15 Oct 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Richard J. Matyi
Since its discovery by von Laue in 1912, X-ray diffraction has become an indispensable tool for
structure determinations in the physical and biological sciences. X-rays are characterized by high...
Some Important Aspects of the Chemistry of Nanomaterials
01 Jul 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): C.N.R. Rao
Keynote address for the launch of the Center for Analytical Instrumentation Development.
BNC Research Review: Carbon Nanotubes as Nucleic Acid Carriers
04 Jun 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Don Bergstrom
This presentation is part of a collection of presentations describing the projects, people, and capabilities enhanced by research performed in the Birck Center, and a look at plans for the...
Nano Carbon: From ballistic transistors to atomic drumheads
5.0 out of 5 stars
14 May 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Paul L. McEuen
Carbon takes many forms, from precious diamonds to lowly graphite. Surprisingly, it is the latter that is the most prized by nano physicists. Graphene, a single layer of graphite, can serve as an...
Carbon Nanotechnology: Scientific and Technological Issues
07 Apr 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Joe Lyding
Carbon nanotechnologies based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and graphene (a single atomic layer of graphite) are being pursued for a wide range of technological...
Selected Properties of Carbon Nanostructures: from Exotic Fullerenes to Nanotubes
31 Mar 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Manfred M. Kappes
The talk presents results from ongoing projects in the field of carbon
nanostructures: (i) Mass selected ion beam soft-landing has been used
to generate exotic fullerene materials comprising...
The Novel Nanostructures of Carbon
3.0 out of 5 stars
28 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gene Dresselhaus
A brief review will be given of the physical underpinnings of carbon nanostructures that were developed over the past 60 years, starting with the electronic structure and physical properties of...
What Promises do Nanotubes and Nanowires Hold for Future Nanoelectronics Applications?
18 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Joerg Appenzeller
Various low-dimensional materials are currently explored for future electronics applications. The common ground
for all these structures is that the surface related impact can no longer be...
Heat Transfer across Solid Contacts Enhanced with Nanomaterials
11 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Timothy S Fisher
This presentation will describe thermal transport processes at solid-solid material interfaces. An overview of applications in the electronics industry will serve to motivate the subject, and then...
Dynamics on the Nanoscale: Time-domain ab initio studies of quantum dots, carbon nanotubes and molecule-semiconductor interfaces
01 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Oleg Prezhdo
Device miniaturization requires an understanding of the dynamical response of materials on the nanometer scale. A great deal of experimental and theoretical work has been devoted to characterizing...
Excellence in Computer Simulation: Computational Materials
20 Dec 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Schwegler
This presentation was one of 13 presentations in the one-day forum,
"Excellence in Computer Simulation," which brought together a broad
set of experts to reflect on the future of...
New Dimension in Performance: Harnessing 3D Integration Technology
2.0 out of 5 stars
29 Nov 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Kerry Bernstein
Despite generation on generation of scaling, computer chips have remained essentially 2-dimensional. Improvements in on-chip wire delay, and in the total number of inputs and outputs has not been...
Oligodeoxyribonucleotide Association with Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
06 Aug 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Jennifer McDonald
Commercially available single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) tend to aggregate as ropes and bundles during production making them of little use in many scientific and industrial applications. An...
The Effect of Physical Geometry on the Frequency Response of Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistors
03 Aug 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Dave Lyzenga
In order for carbon nanotube (CNT) electrical devices to be fabricated, it is necessary to obtain modifiable operation characteristics. Developing parametric equations to achieve this...
From Research to Learning in Chemistry through Visualization and Computation
21 May 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Jakobsson
Modern chemistry research and high school chemistry education are separated by institutional and geographical boundaries. As such, much of secondary chemistry education is still based on the...
Electron Emission from Nanoscale Carbon Materials
15 May 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Timothy S Fisher
Prior studies on electron emission show possibly beneficial effects of
nanoscale phenomena on energy-conversion characteristics. For example,
recent work has shown that the electric field...
BNC Annual Research Symposium: Nanoelectronics and Semiconductor Devices
23 Apr 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): David Janes
BNC Annual Research Symposium: Nanoscale Energy Conversion
23 Apr 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Timothy S Fisher
Atomistic Modeling of the Mechanical Properties of Nanostructured Materials
23 Apr 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes are studied by using classical molecular dynamics simulations. Especially, the effects of filling, temperature, and functionalization on CNT's...