Tags: carbon nanotubes

Description

100 amps of electricity crackle in a vacuum chamber, creating a spark that transforms carbon vapor into tiny structures. Depending on the conditions, these structures can be shaped like little, 60-atom soccer balls, or like rolled-up tubes of atoms, arranged in a chicken-wire pattern, with rounded ends. These tiny, carbon nanotubes, discovered by Sumio Iijima at NEC labs in 1991, have amazing properties. They are 100 times stronger than steel, but weigh only one-sixth as much. They are incredibly resilient under physical stress; even when kinked to a 120-degree angle, they will bounce back to their original form, undamaged. And they can carry electrical current at levels that would vaporize ordinary copper wires.

Learn more about carbon nanotubes from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Carbon nanotubes can be found here.

Resources (121-140 of 146)

  1. Fundamentals of Nanoelectronics (Fall 2004)

    01 Sep 2004 | | Contributor(s):: Supriyo Datta, Behtash Behinaein

    Please Note: A newer version of this course is now availableand we would greatly appreciate your feedback regarding the new format and contents.Welcome to the ECE 453 lectures.The development of "nanotechnology" has made it possible to engineer material and devices on a length scale as small as...

  2. Atomic Force Microscopy

    01 Dec 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Arvind Raman

    Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is an indispensible tool in nano science for the fabrication, metrology, manipulation, and property characterization of nanostructures. This tutorial reviews some of the physics of the interaction forces between the nanoscale tip and sample, the dynamics of the...

  3. An Electrical Engineering Perspective on Molecular Electronics

    26 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Lundstrom

    After forty years of advances in integrated circuit technology, microelectronics is undergoing a transformation to nanoelectronics. Modern day MOSFETs now have channel lengths that are less than 50 nm long, and billion transistor logic chips have arrived. Moore's Law continues, but the end of...

  4. Semiconductor Interfaces at the Nanoscale

    17 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: David Janes

    The trend in downscaling of electronic devices and the need to add functionalities such as sensing and nonvolatile memory to existing circuitry dictate that new approaches be developed for device structures and fabrication technologies. Various device technologies are being investigated,...

  5. Introduction to Carbon Nanotube Electronics

    12 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Susan Sinnott

    Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have interesting, structure-dependent electronic properties. In particular, CNTs can be a metallic or semiconducting depending on the way in which the carbon atoms are arranged in the CNT walls. The purpose of this learning module is to familiarize students with the basic...

  6. On the Reliability of Micro-Electronic Devices: An Introductory Lecture on Negative Bias Temperature Instability

    28 Sep 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Muhammad A. Alam

    In 1930s Bell Labs scientists chose to focus on Siand Ge, rather than better known semiconductors like Ag2S and Cu2S, mostly because of their reliable performance. Their choice was rewarded with the invention of bipolar transistors several years later. In 1960s, scientists at Fairchild worked...

  7. Quantum Dots

    21 Jul 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck

    Quantum Dots are man-made artificial atoms that confine electrons to a small space. As such, they have atomic-like behavior and enable the study of quantum mechanical effects on a length scale that is around 100 times larger than the pure atomic scale. Quantum dots offer application...

  8. CNT_bands

    09 Sep 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Jing Guo, Akira Matsudaira

    Computes E(k) and the density-of-states (DOS) vs. energy for a carbon nanotube

  9. Nanostructure Engineered Sensors for Gas Detection in Space and Terrestrial Applications

    28 Jul 2005 |

    A nanosensor technology has been developed using single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) on a pair of interdigitated electrodes (IDE) processed with a silicon-based microfabrication and micromachining technique. These sensors have been exposed to nitrogen dioxide, methane, acetone, benzene,...

  10. A New Terahertz Heterodyne Detector Based on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

    27 Jul 2005 |

    We present non-invasive methods for improving the sensitivity of label-free biosensors that offer the advantage of rapid and real-time detection but suffer from relatively low sensitivity. We present detection of cancer markers using the Quartz Crystal Microbalance and demonstrate that 2...

  11. The Bardeen Transfer Hamiltonian Approach to Tunneling and its Application to STM/Carbon Nanotubes

    05 May 2004 | | Contributor(s):: Peter M. Albrecht, Kyle Adam Ritter, Laura B. Ruppalt

    This presentation covers the Bardeen Transfer Hamiltonian approach to tunneling and its application to STM/carbon nanotubes.

  12. Moore's Law Forever?

    13 Jul 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Lundstrom

    This talk covers the big technological changes in the 20th and 21st century that were correctly predicted by Gordon Moore in 1965. Moore's Law states that the number of transistors on a silicon chip doubles every technology generation. In 1960s terms that meant every 12 months and currently this...

  13. Nanomaterials: Quantum Dots, Nanowires and Nanotubes

    15 Jul 2005 |

    What is a quantum dot? What is a nanowire? What is a nanotube? Why are these interesting and what are their potential applications? How are they made? This presentation is intended to begin to answer these questions while introducing some fundamental concepts such as wave-particle duality,...

  14. Nanodevices: A Bottom-up View

    13 Jun 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Supriyo Datta

    It is common to differentiate between two ways of building a nanodevice: a top-down approach where we start from something big and chisel out what we want and a bottom-up approach where we start from something small like atoms or molecules and assemble what we want.

  15. MSL Simulator

    17 Jun 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Kyeongjae Cho

    Easy-to-use interface for designing and analyzing electronic properties of different nano materials

  16. Nanoelectronics: The New Frontier?

    18 Apr 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Lundstrom

    After forty years of advances in integrated circuit technology, microelectronics is undergoing a transformation to nanoelectronics. Modern day MOSFETs now have channel lengths of only 50 nm, and billion transistor logic chips have arrived. Moore’s Law continues, but the end of MOSFET scaling is...

  17. 2005 Molecular Conduction and Sensors Workshop

    27 Jul 2005 |

    This is the 3rd in a series of annual workshops on Molecular Conduction. The prior workshops have been at Purdue University, W. Lafayette, IN (2003) and Nothwestern University, Evanston, IL (2004). The workshop has been an informal and open venue for discussing new results, key challenges, and...

  18. 2004 Molecular Conduction Workshop

    08 Jul 2004 |

    The tutorials supplied below were part of the Molecular Conduction Workshop held at Northwestern University in July of 2004.

  19. Interfacing Carbon Nanotubes with Biological Systems: From Biosensors to Cellular Transporters

    21 Oct 2004 |

    This talk will discuss two relatively new topics in carbon nanotube research. The first is nanotubes for chemical and biological sensors, an exploration motivated by the ultra high surface area of single walled carbon nanotubes and the need for label free electronic detectors for a wide range of...

  20. Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube for Interconnects and Nanoelectrode Based Biosensors

    15 Apr 2004 |

    In the past few years, tremendous progress in the growth of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has been made, which enabled the fabrication of various CNT devices for applications in electronics, biomedical techniques, and chemical/biological sensors. We have established a process to grow vertically...