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100 amps of electricity crackle in a vacuum chamber, creating a
spark that transforms carbon vapor into tiny structures. Depending
on the conditions, these structures can be shaped like little,
60-atom soccer balls, or like rolled-up tubes of atoms, arranged
in a chicken-wire pattern, with rounded ends. These tiny, carbon
nanotubes, discovered by Sumio Iijima at NEC labs in 1991, have
amazing properties. They are 100 times stronger than steel, but
weigh only one-sixth as much. They are incredibly resilient
under physical stress; even when kinked to a 120-degree angle,
they will bounce back to their original form, undamaged. And
they can carry electrical current at levels that would vaporize
ordinary copper wires.
Learn more about carbon nanotubes from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Carbon nanotubes can be found here.
Fundamentals of Nanoelectronics (Fall 2004)
out of 5 stars
01 Sep 2004 | | Contributor(s):: Supriyo Datta, Behtash Behinaein
Please Note: A newer version of this course is now availableand we would greatly appreciate your feedback regarding the new format and contents.Welcome to the ECE 453 lectures.The development of "nanotechnology" has made it possible to engineer material and devices on a length scale as small as...
Atomic Force Microscopy
01 Dec 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Arvind Raman
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is an indispensible tool in nano science for the fabrication, metrology, manipulation, and property characterization of nanostructures. This tutorial reviews some of the physics of the interaction forces between the nanoscale tip and sample, the dynamics of the...
An Electrical Engineering Perspective on Molecular Electronics
26 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Lundstrom
After forty years of advances in integrated circuit technology, microelectronics is undergoing a transformation to nanoelectronics. Modern day MOSFETs now have channel lengths that are less than 50 nm long, and billion transistor logic chips have arrived. Moore's Law continues, but the end of...
Semiconductor Interfaces at the Nanoscale
17 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: David Janes
The trend in downscaling of electronic devices and the need to add functionalities such as sensing and nonvolatile memory to existing circuitry dictate that new approaches be developed for device structures and fabrication technologies. Various device technologies are being investigated,...
Introduction to Carbon Nanotube Electronics
12 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Susan Sinnott
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have interesting, structure-dependent electronic properties. In particular, CNTs can be a metallic or semiconducting depending on the way in which the carbon atoms are arranged in the CNT walls. The purpose of this learning module is to familiarize students with the basic...
On the Reliability of Micro-Electronic Devices: An Introductory Lecture on Negative Bias Temperature Instability
28 Sep 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Muhammad A. Alam
In 1930s Bell Labs scientists chose to focus on Siand Ge, rather than better known semiconductors like Ag2S and Cu2S, mostly because of their reliable performance. Their choice was rewarded with the invention of bipolar transistors several years later. In 1960s, scientists at Fairchild worked...
21 Jul 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
Quantum Dots are man-made artificial atoms that confine electrons to a small space. As such, they have atomic-like behavior and enable the study of quantum mechanical effects on a length scale that is around 100 times larger than the pure atomic scale. Quantum dots offer application...
09 Sep 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Jing Guo, Akira Matsudaira
Computes E(k) and the density-of-states (DOS) vs. energy for a carbon nanotube
Nanostructure Engineered Sensors for Gas Detection in Space and Terrestrial Applications
28 Jul 2005 |
A nanosensor technology has been developed using single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) on a pair of interdigitated electrodes (IDE) processed with a silicon-based microfabrication and micromachining technique. These sensors have been exposed to nitrogen dioxide, methane, acetone, benzene,...
A New Terahertz Heterodyne Detector Based on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
27 Jul 2005 |
We present non-invasive methods for improving the sensitivity of label-free biosensors that offer the advantage of rapid and real-time detection but suffer from relatively low sensitivity. We present detection of cancer markers using the Quartz Crystal Microbalance and demonstrate that 2...
The Bardeen Transfer Hamiltonian Approach to Tunneling and its Application to STM/Carbon Nanotubes
05 May 2004 | | Contributor(s):: Peter M. Albrecht, Kyle Adam Ritter, Laura B. Ruppalt
This presentation covers the Bardeen Transfer Hamiltonian approach to tunneling and its application to STM/carbon nanotubes.
Moore's Law Forever?
13 Jul 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Lundstrom
This talk covers the big technological changes in the 20th and 21st century that were correctly predicted by Gordon Moore in 1965. Moore's Law states that the number of transistors on a silicon chip doubles every technology generation. In 1960s terms that meant every 12 months and currently this...
Nanomaterials: Quantum Dots, Nanowires and Nanotubes
15 Jul 2005 |
What is a quantum dot? What is a nanowire? What is a nanotube? Why are these interesting and what are their potential applications? How are they made? This presentation is intended to begin to answer these questions while introducing some fundamental concepts such as wave-particle duality,...
Nanodevices: A Bottom-up View
13 Jun 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Supriyo Datta
It is common to differentiate between two ways of building a nanodevice: a top-down approach where we start from something big and chisel out what we want and a bottom-up approach where we start from something small like atoms or molecules and assemble what we want.
17 Jun 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Kyeongjae Cho
Easy-to-use interface for designing and analyzing electronic properties of different nano materials
Nanoelectronics: The New Frontier?
18 Apr 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Lundstrom
After forty years of advances in integrated circuit technology, microelectronics is undergoing a transformation to nanoelectronics. Modern day MOSFETs now have channel lengths of only 50 nm, and billion transistor logic chips have arrived. Moore’s Law continues, but the end of MOSFET scaling is...
2005 Molecular Conduction and Sensors Workshop
This is the 3rd in a series of annual workshops on Molecular Conduction. The prior workshops have been at Purdue University, W. Lafayette, IN (2003) and Nothwestern University, Evanston, IL (2004). The workshop has been an informal and open venue for discussing new results, key challenges, and...
2004 Molecular Conduction Workshop
08 Jul 2004 |
The tutorials supplied below were part of the Molecular Conduction Workshop held at Northwestern University in July of 2004.
Interfacing Carbon Nanotubes with Biological Systems: From Biosensors to Cellular Transporters
21 Oct 2004 |
This talk will discuss two relatively new topics in carbon nanotube research. The first is nanotubes for chemical and biological sensors, an exploration motivated by the ultra high surface area of single walled carbon nanotubes and the need for label free electronic detectors for a wide range of...
Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube for Interconnects and Nanoelectrode Based Biosensors
15 Apr 2004 |
In the past few years, tremendous progress in the growth of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has been made, which enabled the fabrication of various CNT devices for applications in electronics, biomedical techniques, and chemical/biological sensors. We have established a process to grow vertically...