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100 amps of electricity crackle in a vacuum chamber, creating a
spark that transforms carbon vapor into tiny structures. Depending
on the conditions, these structures can be shaped like little,
60-atom soccer balls, or like rolled-up tubes of atoms, arranged
in a chicken-wire pattern, with rounded ends. These tiny, carbon
nanotubes, discovered by Sumio Iijima at NEC labs in 1991, have
amazing properties. They are 100 times stronger than steel, but
weigh only one-sixth as much. They are incredibly resilient
under physical stress; even when kinked to a 120-degree angle,
they will bounce back to their original form, undamaged. And
they can carry electrical current at levels that would vaporize
ordinary copper wires.
Learn more about carbon nanotubes from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Carbon nanotubes can be found here.
Introduction to FETToy
out of 5 stars
03 Jul 2007 | | Contributor(s):: James K Fodor, Jing Guo
This learning module introduces nanoHUB users to the FETToy simulator. A brief introduction to FETToy is presented, followed by voiced presentations featuring the simulator in action. Upon completion of this module, users should be able to use this simulator to gain valuable insight into the...
Introduction to CNTbands
28 Jun 2007 | | Contributor(s):: James K Fodor, Jing Guo
This learning module introduces nanoHUB users to the CNTbands simulator. A brief introduction to CNTbands is presented, followed by voiced presentations featuring the simulator in action. Upon completion of this module, users should be able to use this simulator to gain valuable insight into the...
Bandstructure of Carbon Nanotubes and Nanoribbons
14 Jun 2007 | | Contributor(s):: James K Fodor, Seokmin Hong, Jing Guo
This learning module introduces users to the Carbon-Nano Bands simulation tool, which simulates the bandstructure of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and Nanoribbons (CNRs). To gives users a strong background in bandstructure, the module starts with sections that introduce bandstructure basics. To this...
Introduction to Carbon Nanotube Electronics
12 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Susan Sinnott
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have interesting, structure-dependent electronic properties. In particular, CNTs can be a metallic or semiconducting depending on the way in which the carbon atoms are arranged in the CNT walls. The purpose of this learning module is to familiarize students with the basic...