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100 amps of electricity crackle in a vacuum chamber, creating a
spark that transforms carbon vapor into tiny structures. Depending
on the conditions, these structures can be shaped like little,
60-atom soccer balls, or like rolled-up tubes of atoms, arranged
in a chicken-wire pattern, with rounded ends. These tiny, carbon
nanotubes, discovered by Sumio Iijima at NEC labs in 1991, have
amazing properties. They are 100 times stronger than steel, but
weigh only one-sixth as much. They are incredibly resilient
under physical stress; even when kinked to a 120-degree angle,
they will bounce back to their original form, undamaged. And
they can carry electrical current at levels that would vaporize
ordinary copper wires.
Learn more about carbon nanotubes from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Carbon nanotubes can be found here.
The Novel Nanostructures of Carbon
out of 5 stars
28 Feb 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Gene Dresselhaus
A brief review will be given of the physical underpinnings of carbon nanostructures that were developed over the past 60 years, starting with the electronic structure and physical properties of graphene and graphite, and then moving to graphite intercalation compounds which contained the first...
What Promises do Nanotubes and Nanowires Hold for Future Nanoelectronics Applications?
18 Feb 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Joerg Appenzeller
Various low-dimensional materials are currently explored for future electronics applications. The common ground for all these structures is that the surface related impact can no longer be ignored – the common approach applied to predict properties of bulk-type three-dimensional (3D) materials....
Computational Nanoscience, Lecture 5: A Day of In-Class Simulation: MD of Carbon Nanostructures
13 Feb 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Jeffrey C Grossman, Elif Ertekin
In this lecture we carry out simulations in-class, with guidance from the instructors. We use the LAMMPS tool (within the nanoHUB simulation toolkit for this course). Examples include calculating the energy per atom of different fullerenes and nantubes, computing the Young's modulus of a...
Computational Nanoscience, Lecture 4: Geometry Optimization and Seeing What You're Doing
In this lecture, we discuss various methods for finding the ground state structure of a given system by minimizing its energy. Derivative and non-derivative methods are discussed, as well as the importance of the starting guess and how to find or generate good initial structures. We also briefly...
Heat Transfer across Solid Contacts Enhanced with Nanomaterials
11 Feb 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Timothy S Fisher
This presentation will describe thermal transport processes at solid-solid material interfaces. An overview of applications in the electronics industry will serve to motivate the subject, and then the basic diffusive constriction theory will be developed. The addition of carbon nanotube arrays...
Dynamics on the Nanoscale: Time-domain ab initio studies of quantum dots, carbon nanotubes and molecule-semiconductor interfaces
31 Jan 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Oleg Prezhdo
Device miniaturization requires an understanding of the dynamical response of materials on the nanometer scale. A great deal of experimental and theoretical work has been devoted to characterizing the excitation, charge, spin, and vibrational dynamics in a variety of novel materials, including...
Crystal Viewer Tool
22 Dec 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Yuanchen Chu, Fan Chen, Daniel F Mejia, James Fonseca, Michael Povolotskyi, Gerhard Klimeck
Visualize different crystal lattices and planes
Excellence in Computer Simulation: Computational Materials
20 Dec 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Schwegler
This presentation was one of 13 presentations in the one-day forum, "Excellence in Computer Simulation," which brought together a broad set of experts to reflect on the future of computational science and engineering.
25 Sep 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Joe Ringgenberg, P. Alex Greaney, daniel richards, Jeffrey C Grossman, Jeffrey B. Neaton, Justin Riley
Study the transfer of energy between the vibrational modes of a carbon nanotube.
New Dimension in Performance: Harnessing 3D Integration Technology
29 Nov 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Kerry Bernstein
Despite generation on generation of scaling, computer chips have remained essentially 2-dimensional. Improvements in on-chip wire delay, and in the total number of inputs and outputs has not been able to keep up with improvements to the transistor, and its getting harder and harder to hide it!...
Oligodeoxyribonucleotide Association with Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
02 Aug 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Jennifer McDonald
Commercially available single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) tend to aggregate as ropes and bundles during production making them of little use in many scientific and industrial applications. An effective technique for dispersing and solubilizing SWCNTs is required to fully utilize their...
The Effect of Physical Geometry on the Frequency Response of Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistors
03 Aug 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Dave Lyzenga
In order for carbon nanotube (CNT) electrical devices to be fabricated, it is necessary to obtain modifiable operation characteristics. Developing parametric equations to achieve this controllability in the vertical field-effect transistor (FET) design is an important first step toward...
Introduction to FETToy
03 Jul 2007 | | Contributor(s):: James K Fodor, Jing Guo
This learning module introduces nanoHUB users to the FETToy simulator. A brief introduction to FETToy is presented, followed by voiced presentations featuring the simulator in action. Upon completion of this module, users should be able to use this simulator to gain valuable insight into the...
Introduction to CNTbands
28 Jun 2007 | | Contributor(s):: James K Fodor, Jing Guo
This learning module introduces nanoHUB users to the CNTbands simulator. A brief introduction to CNTbands is presented, followed by voiced presentations featuring the simulator in action. Upon completion of this module, users should be able to use this simulator to gain valuable insight into the...
3D Molecular Models
21 Jun 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Nicholas Vargo
This animation was created as part of the Children's Museum Nanotechnology Exhibit to give the viewer an idea of what objects look like at the nano-level. The molecules range from something as small as caffeine to major proteins and viruses.Nicholas Vargo created this kiosk presentation as an...
Bandstructure of Carbon Nanotubes and Nanoribbons
14 Jun 2007 | | Contributor(s):: James K Fodor, Seokmin Hong, Jing Guo
This learning module introduces users to the Carbon-Nano Bands simulation tool, which simulates the bandstructure of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and Nanoribbons (CNRs). To gives users a strong background in bandstructure, the module starts with sections that introduce bandstructure basics. To this...
From Research to Learning in Chemistry through Visualization and Computation
17 May 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Jakobsson
Modern chemistry research and high school chemistry education are separated by institutional and geographical boundaries. As such, much of secondary chemistry education is still based on the periodic table instead of the computational methods that drive current chemistry research. In this talk,...
Electron Emission from Nanoscale Carbon Materials
15 May 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Timothy S Fisher
Prior studies on electron emission show possibly beneficial effects ofnanoscale phenomena on energy-conversion characteristics. For example,recent work has shown that the electric field around a nanoscale fieldemission device can increase the average energy of emitted electrons. Weconsider here...
BNC Annual Research Symposium: Nanoelectronics and Semiconductor Devices
23 Apr 2007 | | Contributor(s):: David Janes
This presentation is part of a collection of presentations describing the projects, people, and capabilities enhanced by research performed in the Birck Center, and a look at plans for the upcoming year.