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Aluminum: a safe, economical, high energy density material for energy storage, transport and splitting water to make hydrogen on demand
30 Mar 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Jerry M. Woodall
In 1968, a team lead by the author discovered that liquid gallium saturated with aluminum at room temperature would split water into hydrogen gas, alumina and heat. More recently his current team has discovered that bulk, solid Al rich alloys will also split water in the same manner. Since 1)...
C.V. Raman and the Impact of Raman Effect in Quantum Physics, Condensed Matter, and Materials Science
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18 Sep 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Anant K. Ramdas
Raman’s momentous discovery in 1928 that the spectral analysis of the light scattered by matter, illuminated with monochromatic light of frequency ωL, reveals new signatures at (ωL ± ωi) , ωi’s being the internal frequencies of the matter [Nature121, 501 (1928); Indian Journal of Physics 2, 387...
Computational Nanoscience, Lecture 4: Geometry Optimization and Seeing What You're Doing
13 Feb 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Jeffrey C Grossman, Elif Ertekin
In this lecture, we discuss various methods for finding the ground state structure of a given system by minimizing its energy. Derivative and non-derivative methods are discussed, as well as the importance of the starting guess and how to find or generate good initial structures. We also briefly...
Computing the Horribleness of Soft Condensed Matter
19 Oct 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Jakobsson
A great triumph of computer simulations 40 years ago was to make the liquid state of matter understandable in terms of physical interactions between individual molecules. Prior to the first simulations of liquid argon and liquid water in the 1960's, there was no quantitatively rigorous molecular...
Fun in the Sand: Some Experiments in Granular Physics
25 Oct 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Peter E. Schiffer
In the last two decades, condensed matter physicists have begun an intense study of the dynamic and static properties of granular media (materials made from individual acroscopic solid grains). These materials offer a vast arena of new physical phenomena which are highly accessible and largely...
Thermoelectric Power Factor Calculator for Superlattices
18 Oct 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Terence Musho, Greg Walker
Quantum Simulation of the Seebeck Coefficient and Electrical Conductivity in 1D Superlattice Structures using Non-Equilibrium Green's Functions