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On June 30, 1948, AT&T Bell Labs unveiled the transitor to the world, creating a spark of explosive economic growth that would lead into the Information Age. William Shockley led a team of researchers, including Walter Brattain and John Bardeen, who invented the device. Like the existing triode vacuum tube device, the transistor could amplify signals and switch currents on and off, but the transistor was smaller, cheaper, and more efficient. Moreover, it could be integrated with millions of other transistors onto a single chip, creating the integrated circuit at the heart of modern computers.
Today, most transistors are being manufactured with a minimum feature size of 60-90nm--roughly 200-300 atoms. As the push continues to make devices even smaller, researchers must account for quantum mechanical effects in the device behavior. With fewer and fewer atoms, the positions of impurities and other irregularities begin to matter, and device reliability becomes an issue. So rather than shrink existing devices, many researchers are working on entirely new devices, based on carbon nanotubes, spintronics,
molecular conduction, and other nanotechnologies.
Learn more about transistors from the many resources on this site, listed below. Use our simulation tools to simulate performance characteristics for your own devices.
[Illinois] Device Applications of Metafilms and Metasurfaces
23 Oct 2015 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark Brongersma
Mark Brongersma is a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Stanford University. He received his PhD in Materials Science from the FOM Institute in Amsterdam, The...
[Illinois] Atomic Engineering of III-V Semiconductor for Quantum Devices, from Deep UV (200 nm) to THZ (300 microns)
03 Mar 2015 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Manijeh Razeghi
Nature offers us different kinds of atoms. But it takes human intelligence to put different atoms together in an elegant way in order to realize manmade structures that is lacking in nature. This...
[Illinois] BioEngineering Seminar Series: Implantable Networks of Wireless Nanoelectronic Devices
04 Feb 2014 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Pedro Irazoqui
Tunnel FETs - Device Physics and Realizations
10 Jul 2013 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Joachim Knoch
Here, the operating principles of TFETs will be discussed in detail and experimental realizations as well as simulation results will be presented. In particular, the role of the injecting source...
Introduction to Compact Models and Circuit Simulation
19 Jun 2013 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Tianshi Wang, Jaijeet Roychowdhury
The presentation is a gentle introduction to compact models, basic circuit simulation concepts, and flows for developing compact models. The roadmap for the NEEDS-SPICE platform, being developed...
Guidelines for Writing NEEDS-certified Verilog-A Compact Models
This talk contains a brief introduction to Verilog-A and suggests some initial guidelines for writing Verilog-A versions of NEEDS models. For more about the history of Verilog-A and additional...
19 Jun 2013 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark Lundstrom
NEEDS is an initiative supported by the National Science Foundation and the Semiconductor Research Corporation with a mission to develop the critical missing link needed to transform...
Verilog-A: Present Status and Guidelines
19 Jun 2013 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Geoffrey Coram
Verilog-A is the standard language for compact model development and implementation.
This talk provides some background on the rationale for and development of Verilog-A,
summarizes the current...
[Illinois] CNST 2012: Translational Research on Micro and Nanobionics Devices for Mobile and Social Sensing Applications
02 Jun 2013 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gang Logan Liu
ECE 695A Lecture 1: Reliability of Nanoelectronic Devices
11 Jan 2013 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad Alam
Evolving Landscape of Electronics
Performance, Variability, and Reliability
Classification of Reliability
ECE 606 Lecture 27: Looking Back and Looking Forward
20 Dec 2012 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
ECE 606 Lecture 26: The Future of Computational Electronics
Future Transistors and Single Atom Transistors; New Modeling Tools (NEMO); nanoHUB: Cloud Computing - Software as a Service
ECE 606 Lecture 21: MOS Electrostatics
26 Nov 2012 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
ECE 606 Lecture 22: MOScap Frequence Response/MOSFET I-V Characteristics
ECE 606 Lecture 23: MOSFET I-V Characteristics/MOSFET Non-Idealities
ECE 606 Lecture 24: MOSFET Non-Idealities
ECE 606 Lecture 20: Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor
17 Nov 2012 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
ECE 606 Lecture 19: Bipolar Transistors Design
ECE 606 Lecture 18: Bipolar Transistors a) Introduction b) Design
05 Nov 2012 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
Uniform Methodology of Benchmarking Beyond-CMOS Devices
31 Oct 2012 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Dmitri Nikonov
Multiple logic devices are presently under study within the Nanoelectronic Research Initiative (NRI) to carry the development of integrated circuits beyond the CMOS roadmap. Structure and...