Tags: devices

Description

On June 30, 1948, AT&T Bell Labs unveiled the transitor to the world, creating a spark of explosive economic growth that would lead into the Information Age. William Shockley led a team of researchers, including Walter Brattain and John Bardeen, who invented the device. Like the existing triode vacuum tube device, the transistor could amplify signals and switch currents on and off, but the transistor was smaller, cheaper, and more efficient. Moreover, it could be integrated with millions of other transistors onto a single chip, creating the integrated circuit at the heart of modern computers.

Today, most transistors are being manufactured with a minimum feature size of 60-90nm--roughly 200-300 atoms. As the push continues to make devices even smaller, researchers must account for quantum mechanical effects in the device behavior. With fewer and fewer atoms, the positions of impurities and other irregularities begin to matter, and device reliability becomes an issue. So rather than shrink existing devices, many researchers are working on entirely new devices, based on carbon nanotubes, spintronics, molecular conduction, and other nanotechnologies.

Learn more about transistors from the many resources on this site, listed below. Use our simulation tools to simulate performance characteristics for your own devices.

Online Presentations (201-220 of 249)

  1. Logic Devices and Circuits on Carbon Nanotubes

    23 May 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Joerg Appenzeller

    Over the last years carbon nanotubes (CNs) have attracted an increasing interest as building blocks for nano-electronics applications. Due to their unique properties enabling e.g. ballistic...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1487

  2. Switching Energy in CMOS Logic: How far are we from physical limit?

    24 Apr 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Saibal Mukhopadhyay

    Aggressive scaling of CMOS devices in technology generation has resulted in exponential growth in device performance, integration density and computing power. However, the power dissipated by a...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1250

  3. First Principles-Based Modeling of materials: Towards Computational Materials Design

    20 Apr 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Alejandro Strachan

    Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with accurate, first principles-based interatomic potentials is a powerful tool to uncover and characterize the molecular-level mechanisms that govern the...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1239

  4. Nanoscale Transistors: Advanced VLSI Devices (Introductory Lecture)

    20 Apr 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark Lundstrom

    Welcome to the ECE 612 Introductory/Overview lecture. This course examines the device physics of advanced transistors and the process, device, circuit, and systems considerations that enter into...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1236

  5. EDA Challenges in Nanoscale Design: A Synopsys Perspective

    11 Apr 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Rich Goldman

    Rich Goldman gives an overview of the current state of the semiconductor and EDA (Electronic Design Automation) industry with a special focus on the impact of nanometer scale design on design...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1220

  6. The Long and Short of Pick-up Stick Transistors: A Promising Technology for Nano- and Macro-Electronics

    11 Apr 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    In recent years, there has been enormous interest in the emerging field of large-area macro-electronics, and fabricating thin-film transistors on flexible substrates. This talk will cover recent...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1214

  7. Tutorial on Using Micelle-MD

    05 Apr 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Patrick Chiu, Kunal Shah, Susan Sinnott

    This is a tutorial using Micelle-MD. This includes the main capabilities, computation procedure, with format of files generated, and the simulation setup, which includes the material models...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1193

  8. Mechanical Properties of Surfactant Aggregates at Water-Solid Interfaces

    05 Apr 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Patrick Chiu, Kunal Shah, Susan Sinnott

    This is a talk on the mechanical properties of surfactant aggregates at water-solid interfaces using Micelle-MD. This includes silica indentations of micelles with comparison to experimental...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1192

  9. Thermal Microsystems for On-Chip Thermal Engineering

    04 Apr 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Suresh V. Garimella

    Electro-thermal co-design at the micro- and nano-scales is critical for achieving desired performance and reliability in microelectronic circuits. Emerging thermal microsystems technologies...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1182

  10. Electron and Ion Microscopies as Characterization Tools for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

    17 Mar 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Stach

    This tutorial presents a broad overview of the basic physical principles of techniques used in scanning electron microscopy (SEM), as well as their application to understanding...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1097

  11. Metal Oxide Nanowires: Synthesis, Characterization and Device Applications

    17 Mar 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Jia Grace Lu

    Various metal oxide nanowires, such as ZnO, SnO2, Fe2O3, In2O3 and Ga2O3, have been synthesized by chemical vapor deposition method. Their structures and properties are characterized by TEM,...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1096

  12. Molecular Transport Structures: Elastic Scattering, Vibronic Effects and Beyond

    13 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark A. Ratner, Abraham Nitzan, Misha Galperin

    Current experimental efforts are clarifying quite beautifully the nature of charge transport in so-called molecular junctions, in which a single molecule provides the channel for current flow...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1018

  13. Making the Tiniest and Fastest Transistor using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD)

    13 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): peide ye

    Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is an emerging nanotechnology enables the deposit of ultrathin films, one atomic layer by one atomic layer. ALD provides a powerful, new capability to grow or regrow...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1015

  14. Active Photonic Nanomaterials: From Random to Periodic Structures

    06 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Hui Cao

    Active photonic nanomaterials, which have high gain or large nonlinearity, are essential to the development of nanophotonic devices and circuits. In this talk, I will provide a review of our...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1012

  15. A Primer on Semiconductor Device Simulation

    23 Jan 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark Lundstrom

    Computer simulation is now an essential tool for the research and development of semiconductor processes and devices, but to use a simulation tool intelligently, one must know what's "under the...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/980

  16. Nano-Scale Device Simulations Using PROPHET-Part II: PDE Systems

    22 Jan 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Yang Liu, Robert Dutton

    Part II uses examples to illustrate how to build user-defined PDE systems in PROPHET.

    http://nanohub.org/resources/975

  17. Nano-Scale Device Simulations Using PROPHET-Part I: Basics

    22 Jan 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Yang Liu, Robert Dutton

    Part I covers the basics of PROPHET, including the set-up of simulation structures and parameters based on pre-defined PDE systems.

    http://nanohub.org/resources/974

  18. Nano-Scale Device Simulations Using PROPHET

    22 Jan 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Yang Liu, Robert Dutton

    These two lectures are aimed to give a practical guide to the use of a general device simulator (PROPHET) available on nanoHUB. PROPHET is a partial differential equation (PDE) solver that...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/973

  19. Optimization of Transistor Design for Carbon Nanotubes

    21 Jan 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Jing Guo

    We have developed a self-consistent atomistic simulator for CNTFETs. Using the simulator, we show that a recently reported high-performance CNTFET delivers a near ballistic on-current. The...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/970

  20. Quantum Corrections for Monte Carlo Simulation

    05 Jan 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Umberto Ravaioli

    Size quantization is an important effect in modern scaled devices. Due to the cost and limitations of available full quantum approaches, it is appealing to extend semi-classical simulators by...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/847