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Tags: devices

Description

On June 30, 1948, AT&T Bell Labs unveiled the transitor to the world, creating a spark of explosive economic growth that would lead into the Information Age. William Shockley led a team of researchers, including Walter Brattain and John Bardeen, who invented the device. Like the existing triode vacuum tube device, the transistor could amplify signals and switch currents on and off, but the transistor was smaller, cheaper, and more efficient. Moreover, it could be integrated with millions of other transistors onto a single chip, creating the integrated circuit at the heart of modern computers.

Today, most transistors are being manufactured with a minimum feature size of 60-90nm--roughly 200-300 atoms. As the push continues to make devices even smaller, researchers must account for quantum mechanical effects in the device behavior. With fewer and fewer atoms, the positions of impurities and other irregularities begin to matter, and device reliability becomes an issue. So rather than shrink existing devices, many researchers are working on entirely new devices, based on carbon nanotubes, spintronics, molecular conduction, and other nanotechnologies.

Learn more about transistors from the many resources on this site, listed below. Use our simulation tools to simulate performance characteristics for your own devices.

Resources (61-80 of 298)

  1. Lecture 1b: Nanotransistors - A Bottom Up View

    20 Jul 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark Lundstrom

    MOSFET scaling continues to take transistors to smaller and smaller dimensions. Today, the MOSFET is a true nanoelectronic device – one of enormous importance for computing, data storage, and for...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/9344

  2. Lecture 7: On Reliability and Randomness in Electronic Devices

    14 Apr 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    Outline: Background
 information Principles
 of 
reliability
 physics Classification
 of 
Electronic
 Reliability Structure 
Defects
 in
 Electronic
 Materials Conclusions

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7175

  3. Lecture 9: Breakdown in Thick Dielectrics

    05 Apr 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    Outline: Breakdown in gas dielectric and Paschen’s law Spatial and temporal dynamics during breakdown Breakdown in bulk oxides: puzzle Theory of pre-existing defects: Thin oxides Theory of...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7177

  4. Lecture 8: Mechanics of Defect Generation and Gate Dielectric Breakdown

    10 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7176

  5. Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 23: NEMO1D - Importance of New Boundary Conditions

    09 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck

    One of the key insights gained during the NEMO1D project was the development of new boundary conditions that enabled the modeling of realistically extended Resonant Tunneling Diodes (RTDs). The...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8592

  6. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 22&23: P-N Junction Capacitance; Contacts

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8615

  7. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 24: Narrow-base P-N Diode

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8618

  8. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 25: Intro to BJT

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8621

  9. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 26: Narrow-base BJT

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8624

  10. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 27: BJT Gain

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8627

  11. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 21: P-N Diode Breakdown

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8630

  12. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 34: MOS Field Effect Transistor (FET)

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8553

  13. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 35: Short Channel MOSFET and Non-Ideal Behavior

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8557

  14. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 36: MOSFET Scaling Limits

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8561

  15. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 37: MOSFET Analog Amplifier and Digital Inverter

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8564

  16. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 32: MOS Threshold Voltage

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8573

  17. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 31: MOS Capacitor

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8576

  18. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 28&29: All Modes of BJT Operation

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8582

  19. Lecture 10: Interface Damage & Negative Bias Temperature Instability

    02 Feb 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    Outline: Background information NBTI interpreted by R-D model The act of measurement and observed quantity NBTI vs. Light-induced Degradation Possibility of Degradation-free...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7178

  20. Illinois ME 498 Introduction of Nano Science and Technology, Lecture 25: Nanomaterials and Devices for Solar Energy

    29 Dec 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Nick Fang, Omar N Sobh

    Nanomaterials and Devices for Solar Energy Topics: Approaches: Breathing Membrane Continuous Operation Fuel Cell Water Management ElectroKinetic Nanobattery EDL Capacitators Laminar...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8082

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