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Tags: devices

Description

On June 30, 1948, AT&T Bell Labs unveiled the transitor to the world, creating a spark of explosive economic growth that would lead into the Information Age. William Shockley led a team of researchers, including Walter Brattain and John Bardeen, who invented the device. Like the existing triode vacuum tube device, the transistor could amplify signals and switch currents on and off, but the transistor was smaller, cheaper, and more efficient. Moreover, it could be integrated with millions of other transistors onto a single chip, creating the integrated circuit at the heart of modern computers.

Today, most transistors are being manufactured with a minimum feature size of 60-90nm--roughly 200-300 atoms. As the push continues to make devices even smaller, researchers must account for quantum mechanical effects in the device behavior. With fewer and fewer atoms, the positions of impurities and other irregularities begin to matter, and device reliability becomes an issue. So rather than shrink existing devices, many researchers are working on entirely new devices, based on carbon nanotubes, spintronics, molecular conduction, and other nanotechnologies.

Learn more about transistors from the many resources on this site, listed below. Use our simulation tools to simulate performance characteristics for your own devices.

Resources (81-100 of 298)

  1. Illinois ME 498 Introduction of Nano Science and Technology, Lecture 23: Nanomaterials and Devices for Energy Conversion I

    28 Dec 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Nick Fang, Omar N Sobh

    Nanomaterials and Devices for Energy Conversion Topics: Overview of Actuators at Nanoscale Electrostatic Actuators Piezo-Actuators Surface Acoustic Wave Motors Actuator...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8078

  2. Illinois ME 498 Introduction of Nano Science and Technology, Lecture 24: Nanomaterials and Devices for Energy Conversion II

    28 Dec 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Nick Fang, Omar N Sobh

    Nanomaterials and Devices for Energy Conversion II Topics: Electrochemistry - Energy Storage Non-linear Diffusion Effect in Electrochemistry Architecture of 3-D batteries Nanomaterials...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8080

  3. Molecular Sensors for MEMS

    10 Dec 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): John P. Sullivan

    This seminar will cover the issues involved in using molecular sensors in MEMS and their application to microchannels, supersonic micronozzles, microjet impingement, microturbines and unsteady...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7998

  4. Taxonomy of spintronics (a zoo of devices)

    02 Nov 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Dmitri Nikonov, George Bourianoff

    The presentation deals with classification of logic devices based on electron spin as a computational variable. Requirements for logic devices are reviewed. Specifically we focus on a)...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/1940

  5. Optical BioMEMS Microfluidic Technologies for Hand-Held, Point-of-Care, Medical Devices

    23 Nov 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): James Leary

    Portable, point-of-care, medical diagnostic devices could provide an important new component in more cost-effective healthcare delivery. Rapid measurements of blood samples during an examination...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7873

  6. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 20: P-N Diode in Reverse Bias

    18 Nov 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    Recap diode (forward, zero, reverse) bias diagrams. Recap some of the equations. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 440: Solid State Electronic Devices

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7690

  7. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 19: Current Flow in P-N Diode

    28 Oct 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    Last time, we talked about unbiased p-n junction. Today: biased (Vext ≠ 0) p-n junction & current flow University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 440: Solid State Electronic Devices

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7677

  8. Lecture 6: 3D Nets in a 3D World: Bulk Heterostructure Solar Cells

    27 Oct 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    Outline: Introduction: 

definitions
 and
 review
 Reaction
 diffusion
 in 
fractal 
volumes Carrier
 transport
 in 
BH
 solar 
cells All
 phase
 transitions 
are
 not
 fractal Conclusions

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7174

  9. Lecture 5: 2D Nets in a 3D World: Basics of Nanobiosensors and Fractal Antennae

    27 Oct 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    Outline: Background:
 A
 different
 type
 of
 transport
 problem
 Example:
 Classical
 biosensors Fractal 
dimension
 and
 cantor
 transform Example:
 fractal...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7173

  10. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 18: P-N Diode Electrostatics

    22 Oct 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    Last time, we talked about p-n junction built-in voltage V¬0. Today: more about p-n electrostatics. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 440: Solid State Electronic Devices

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7612

  11. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 16-17: Diffusion

    22 Oct 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    So far: • Energy bands, Doping, Fermi levels • Drift (~n*v), diffusion (~dn/dx) • Einstein relationship (D/μ = kT/q) • “Boring” semiconductor resistors (either n- or...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7605

  12. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 14-15: Diffusion with Recombination

    08 Oct 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    • Diffusion with recombination • The diffusion length (distance until they recombine) University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 440: Solid State Electronic Devices

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7553

  13. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 13: Diffusion

    02 Oct 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    ECE 440: Lecture 13 Diffusion Current University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 440: Solid State Electronic Devices

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7502

  14. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 12: Quasi-Fermi Levels; Photoconductivity

    05 Jan 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 440: Solid State Electronic Devices

    http://nanohub.org/resources/6104

  15. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 10-11: Optical Absorption and Direct Recombination

    30 Sep 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 440: Solid State Electronic Devices

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7483

  16. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lectures 8 and 9: Drift Mobility

    02 Jan 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    Carrier Mobility and Drift ECE 440: Lectures 8-9 Carrier Mobility and Drift Let’s recap the 5-6 major concepts so far: Memorize a few things, but recognize many. (why? semiconductors...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/6094

  17. Lecture 5: NEGF Simulation of Graphene Nanodevices

    23 Sep 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Supriyo Datta

    Network for Computational Nanotechnology, Intel Foundation

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7422

  18. Lecture 1: Percolation and Reliability of Electronic Devices

    17 Sep 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    Network for Computational Nanotechnology, Intel Foundation

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7169

  19. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 5: Intrinsic Material, Doping, Carrier Concentrations

    03 Aug 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop, Omar Sobh

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 440: Solid State Electronic Devices

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7197

  20. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 5, Part 2 : Doping, Carrier Concentrations

    03 Aug 2009 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop, Omar Sobh

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 440: Solid State Electronic Devices

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7199

nanoHUB.org, a resource for nanoscience and nanotechnology, is supported by the National Science Foundation and other funding agencies. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.