Tags: devices

Description

On June 30, 1948, AT&T Bell Labs unveiled the transitor to the world, creating a spark of explosive economic growth that would lead into the Information Age. William Shockley led a team of researchers, including Walter Brattain and John Bardeen, who invented the device. Like the existing triode vacuum tube device, the transistor could amplify signals and switch currents on and off, but the transistor was smaller, cheaper, and more efficient. Moreover, it could be integrated with millions of other transistors onto a single chip, creating the integrated circuit at the heart of modern computers.

Today, most transistors are being manufactured with a minimum feature size of 60-90nm--roughly 200-300 atoms. As the push continues to make devices even smaller, researchers must account for quantum mechanical effects in the device behavior. With fewer and fewer atoms, the positions of impurities and other irregularities begin to matter, and device reliability becomes an issue. So rather than shrink existing devices, many researchers are working on entirely new devices, based on carbon nanotubes, spintronics, molecular conduction, and other nanotechnologies.

Learn more about transistors from the many resources on this site, listed below. Use our simulation tools to simulate performance characteristics for your own devices.

Resources (121-140 of 314)

  1. Illinois ME 498 Introduction of Nano Science and Technology, Lecture 25: Nanomaterials and Devices for Solar Energy

    29 Dec 2009 | Contributor(s):: Nick Fang, Omar N Sobh

    Nanomaterials and Devices for Solar EnergyTopics: Approaches: Breathing Membrane Continuous Operation Fuel Cell Water Management ElectroKinetic Nanobattery EDL Capacitators Laminar Flow Based Micro Fuel Cells The Energy in Sunlight Solar Energy Utilization Discovery of photovoltaic effect...

  2. Illinois ME 498 Introduction of Nano Science and Technology, Lecture 23: Nanomaterials and Devices for Energy Conversion I

    28 Dec 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Nick Fang, Omar N Sobh

    Nanomaterials and Devices for Energy ConversionTopics: Overview of Actuators at Nanoscale Electrostatic Actuators Piezo-Actuators Surface Acoustic Wave Motors Actuator Selection Electrochemical Actuators Solid State Electrochemical Actuator Electrochemical nano-actuator Electrochemical...

  3. Illinois ME 498 Introduction of Nano Science and Technology, Lecture 24: Nanomaterials and Devices for Energy Conversion II

    28 Dec 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Nick Fang, Omar N Sobh

    Nanomaterials and Devices for Energy Conversion IITopics: Electrochemistry - Energy Storage Non-linear Diffusion Effect in Electrochemistry Architecture of 3-D batteries Nanomaterials for Energy Storage Solutions for Reversibility Nano-wire Lithium Ion Batteries Nano-wire Solar Cells Micro Nano...

  4. Molecular Sensors for MEMS

    10 Dec 2009 | | Contributor(s):: John P. Sullivan

    This seminar will cover the issues involved in using molecular sensors in MEMS and their application to microchannels, supersonic micronozzles, microjet impingement, microturbines and unsteady fluidic actuators.

  5. Taxonomy of spintronics (a zoo of devices)

    02 Nov 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Dmitri Nikonov, George Bourianoff

    The presentation deals with classification of logic devices based on electron spin as a computational variable. Requirements for logic devices are reviewed. Specifically we focus on a) concatenability (output of one device can drive another) and b) the complete set of Boolean operators (NOT,...

  6. Optical BioMEMS Microfluidic Technologies for Hand-Held, Point-of-Care, Medical Devices

    23 Nov 2009 | | Contributor(s):: James Leary

    Portable, point-of-care, medical diagnostic devices could provide an important new component in more cost-effective healthcare delivery. Rapid measurements of blood samples during an examination within a doctor’s office or in the field, could allow immediate appropriate treatment of medical...

  7. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 20: P-N Diode in Reverse Bias

    30 Oct 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop

    Recap diode (forward, zero, reverse) bias diagrams.Recap some of the equations.

  8. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 19: Current Flow in P-N Diode

    28 Oct 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop

    Last time, we talked about unbiased p-n junction.Today: biased (Vext ≠ 0) p-n junction & current flow

  9. Lecture 6: 3D Nets in a 3D World: Bulk Heterostructure Solar Cells

    29 Jul 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Muhammad A. Alam

    Outline:Introduction: definitions and review
Reaction diffusion in fractal volumesCarrier transport in BH solar cellsAll phase transitions are not fractalConclusions

  10. Lecture 5: 2D Nets in a 3D World: Basics of Nanobiosensors and Fractal Antennae

    29 Jul 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Muhammad A. Alam

    Outline:Background: A different type of transport problem
Example: Classical biosensorsFractal dimension and cantor transformExample: fractal nanobiosensors Conclusions
Appendix: Transparent Electrodes and Antenna

  11. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 18: P-N Diode Electrostatics

    21 Oct 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop

    Last time, we talked about p-n junction built-in voltage V¬0.Today: more about p-n electrostatics.

  12. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 16-17: Diffusion

    20 Oct 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop

    So far:•Energy bands, Doping, Fermi levels•Drift (~n*v), diffusion (~dn/dx)•Einstein relationship (D/μ = kT/q)•“Boring” semiconductor resistors (either n- or p-type)•Majority/minority carriers with illuminationToday, our first “useful” device:•The P-N junction diode in equilibrium (external...

  13. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 14-15: Diffusion with Recombination

    08 Oct 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop

    •Diffusion with recombination•The diffusion length (distance until they recombine)

  14. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 13: Diffusion

    01 Oct 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop

    ECE 440: Lecture 13Diffusion Current

  15. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 12: Quasi-Fermi Levels; Photoconductivity

    05 Jan 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop

  16. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 10-11: Optical Absorption and Direct Recombination

    30 Sep 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop

  17. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lectures 8 and 9: Drift Mobility

    02 Jan 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop

    Carrier Mobility and DriftECE 440: Lectures 8-9Carrier Mobility and DriftLet’s recap the 5-6 major concepts so far: Memorize a few things, but recognize many.(why? semiconductors require lots of approximations)Why all the fuss about the abstract concept of EF?Consider (for example) joining an...

  18. Lecture 5: NEGF Simulation of Graphene Nanodevices

    21 Sep 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Supriyo Datta

  19. 2009 NCN@Purdue Summer School: Electronics from the Bottom Up

    09 Jul 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Supriyo Datta, Mark Lundstrom, Muhammad A. Alam, Joerg Appenzeller

    The school will consist of two lectures in the morning on the Nanostructured Electronic Devices: Percolation and Reliability and an afternoon lecture on Graphene Physics and Devices. A hands on laboratory session will be available in the afternoons.

  20. Colloquium on Graphene Physics and Devices

    29 Jul 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Joerg Appenzeller, Supriyo Datta, Mark Lundstrom

    This short course introduces students to graphene as a fascinating research topic as well as to develop their skill in problem solving using the tools and techniques of electronics from the bottom up.