Tags: devices

Description

On June 30, 1948, AT&T Bell Labs unveiled the transitor to the world, creating a spark of explosive economic growth that would lead into the Information Age. William Shockley led a team of researchers, including Walter Brattain and John Bardeen, who invented the device. Like the existing triode vacuum tube device, the transistor could amplify signals and switch currents on and off, but the transistor was smaller, cheaper, and more efficient. Moreover, it could be integrated with millions of other transistors onto a single chip, creating the integrated circuit at the heart of modern computers.

Today, most transistors are being manufactured with a minimum feature size of 60-90nm--roughly 200-300 atoms. As the push continues to make devices even smaller, researchers must account for quantum mechanical effects in the device behavior. With fewer and fewer atoms, the positions of impurities and other irregularities begin to matter, and device reliability becomes an issue. So rather than shrink existing devices, many researchers are working on entirely new devices, based on carbon nanotubes, spintronics, molecular conduction, and other nanotechnologies.

Learn more about transistors from the many resources on this site, listed below. Use our simulation tools to simulate performance characteristics for your own devices.

All Categories (81-100 of 316)

  1. Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 39: OMEN: Band-to-Band-Tunneling Transistors

    05 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Mathieu Luisier

    This presentation discusses the motivation for band-to-band tunneling transistors to lower the power requirements of the next generation transistors. The capabilities of OMEN to model such...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/9282

  2. Lecture 1b: Nanotransistors - A Bottom Up View

    20 Jul 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark Lundstrom

    MOSFET scaling continues to take transistors to smaller and smaller dimensions. Today, the MOSFET is a true nanoelectronic device – one of enormous importance for computing, data storage, and...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/9344

  3. 2010 NCN Annual Review S13: External Education - Cal Poly Pomona

    16 Jun 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Tanya Faltens

    http://nanohub.org/resources/9163

  4. Drift-Diffusion Modeling and Numerical Implementation Details

    01 Jun 2010 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Dragica Vasileska

    This tutorial describes the constitutive equations for the drift-diffusion model and implementation details such as discretization and numerical solution of the algebraic equations that result...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/9092

  5. Lecture 7: On Reliability and Randomness in Electronic Devices

    14 Apr 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    Outline: Background
 information Principles
 of 
reliability
 physics Classification
 of 
Electronic
 Reliability Structure 
Defects
 in
 Electronic
...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7175

  6. Lecture 9: Breakdown in Thick Dielectrics

    05 Apr 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    Outline: Breakdown in gas dielectric and Paschen’s law Spatial and temporal dynamics during breakdown Breakdown in bulk oxides: puzzle Theory of pre-existing defects: Thin oxides Theory...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7177

  7. Lecture 8: Mechanics of Defect Generation and Gate Dielectric Breakdown

    10 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad A. Alam

    http://nanohub.org/resources/7176

  8. Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 23: NEMO1D - Importance of New Boundary Conditions

    09 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck

    One of the key insights gained during the NEMO1D project was the development of new boundary conditions that enabled the modeling of realistically extended Resonant Tunneling Diodes (RTDs). The...

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8592

  9. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 21: P-N Diode Breakdown

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8630

  10. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 22&23: P-N Junction Capacitance; Contacts

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8615

  11. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 24: Narrow-base P-N Diode

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8618

  12. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 25: Intro to BJT

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8621

  13. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 26: Narrow-base BJT

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8624

  14. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 27: BJT Gain

    07 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8627

  15. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 28&29: All Modes of BJT Operation

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8582

  16. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 31: MOS Capacitor

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8576

  17. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 32: MOS Threshold Voltage

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8573

  18. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 34: MOS Field Effect Transistor (FET)

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8553

  19. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 35: Short Channel MOSFET and Non-Ideal Behavior

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8557

  20. Illinois ECE 440 Solid State Electronic Devices, Lecture 36: MOSFET Scaling Limits

    02 Mar 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Pop

    http://nanohub.org/resources/8561