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Nanotechnology bears the promise of engineering at an atomic
scale--of assembling atoms in arrangements that are completely
unnatural, thereby creating materials with properties that have
never been seen before. This may sound like science fiction,
but it has been going on for more than 30 years, since the
invention of Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE). MBE provides a way
of growing a block of material one sheet of atoms at a time.
By mixing different types of atoms in various combinations,
it is possible to "tune" the properties of the resulting material.
For example, the laser diode in your CD player is probably made
from silicon. It shines a particular wavelength of light
based on the energy gap between the conduction and valence
bands in silicon. That same laser diode could be "tuned" to
emit a different wavelength by building it with a new material
engineered to have a different band gap.
MBE is just one technique for building materials on an atomic
scale. Many other techniques are also under investigation,
including dragging atoms via a Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM)
tip, and Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAM).
Learn more about material science from the resources available
on this site, listed below.
More information on Material science can be found here.
Tribological Properties of Carbon Nanotube Bundles
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03 Apr 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The tribological properties of carbon nanotube(CNT) bundles are investigated in this research using classical molecular dynamics(MD) simulations. Bundle of hollow single walled CNT or CNT filled with …
The Effect of Temperature Control on the Mechanical Behavior of Carbon Nanotubes
29 Mar 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The effect of thermostat configurations on the mechanical behavior of empty and butane (n-C4H10) filled (10,10) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is examined using classical, atomistic, molecular dynamics (MD) …
Irradiation and Nanomechanics of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
23 Mar 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Sharon K. Pregler, Susan Sinnott
Irradiation of nanotube structures with electron and ion beams has been used to produce functionalized nanotubes and fundamentally new structures, including junctions. Here, we build on previous …
Engineering the Fiber-Matrix Interface in Carbon Nanotube Composites
23 Mar 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Sharon K. Pregler, Yanhong Hu, Susan Sinnott
Particle depositions on polymer and carbon substrates to induce surface chemical modification are a growing research topic in particle-surface interactions due to localized deposition energy and …
Bending Properties of Carbon Nanotubes
21 Mar 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The effect of filling carbon nanotubes on the mechanical, especially bending, behavior of empty and filled (10,10) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is examined using classical, atomistic, molecular dynamics …
Electron and Ion Microscopies as Characterization Tools for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
27 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Stach
This tutorial presents a broad overview of the basic physical principles of techniques used in scanning electron microscopy (SEM), as well as their application to understanding …
Metal Oxide Nanowires: Synthesis, Characterization and Device Applications
07 Mar 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Jia Grace Lu
Various metal oxide nanowires, such as ZnO, SnO2, Fe2O3, In2O3 and Ga2O3, have been synthesized by chemical vapor deposition method. Their structures and properties are characterized by TEM, SEM, …
Molecular Transport Structures: Elastic Scattering, Vibronic Effects and Beyond
13 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark A. Ratner, Abraham Nitzan, Misha Galperin
Current experimental efforts are clarifying quite beautifully the nature of charge transport in so-called molecular junctions, in which a single molecule provides the channel for current flow between …
Making the Tiniest and Fastest Transistor using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD)
13 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Peide "Peter" Ye
Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is an emerging nanotechnology enables the deposit of ultrathin films, one atomic layer by one atomic layer. ALD provides a powerful, new capability to grow or regrow …
A Gentle Introduction to Nanotechnology and Nanoscience
13 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark A. Ratner
While the Greek root nano just means dwarf, the nanoscale has become a giant focus of contemporary science and technology. We will examine the fundamental issues underlying the excitement involved …
Active Photonic Nanomaterials: From Random to Periodic Structures
06 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Hui Cao
Active photonic nanomaterials, which have high gain or large nonlinearity, are essential to the development of nanophotonic devices and circuits. In this talk, I will provide a review of our …
Designing Nanocomposite Materials for Solid-State Energy Conversion
10 Nov 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Timothy D. Sands
New materials will be necessary to break through today's performance envelopes for solid-state energy conversion devices ranging from LED-based solid-state white lamps to thermoelectric devices …
Atomic Force Microscopy
01 Dec 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Arvind Raman
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is an indispensible tool in nano science for the fabrication, metrology, manipulation, and property characterization of nanostructures. This tutorial reviews some of the …
First Principles-based Atomistic and Mesoscale Modeling of Materials
01 Dec 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Alejandro Strachan
This tutorial will describe some of the most powerful and widely used techniques for materials modeling including i) first principles quantum mechanics (QM), ii) large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) …
Designing Nanocomposite Thermoelectric Materials
08 Nov 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Timothy D. Sands
This tutorial reviews recent strategies for designing high-ZT nanostructured materials, including superlattices, embedded quantum dots, and nanowire composites. The tutorial highlights the challenges …
Bandstructure in Nanoelectronics
01 Nov 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
This presentation will highlight, for nanoelectronic device examples, how the effective mass approximation breaks down and why the quantum mechanical nature of the atomically resolved material needs …
Wireless Integrated MicroSystems (WIMS): Coming Revolution in the Gathering of Information
01 Sep 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Kensall D. Wise
Wireless integrated microsystems promise to become pervasive during the coming decade in applications ranging from health care and environmental monitoring to homeland security. Merging low-power …
Nanoparticle Synthesis and Assembly for Biological Sensing
25 Oct 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gil Lee
Nanoparticles have unique physical and chemical properties that make them very useful for biological and chemical sensing. For example, colloidal gold has been used as an optical transducer for …
Laser Cooling of Solids
06 Oct 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Massoud Kaviany
Enhanced laser cooling of ion doped nanocrystalline powders (e.g., Yb3+: Y2O3) can be achieved by enhancing the anti-Stokes, off-resonance absorption, which is proportional to the three …
Semiconductor Interfaces at the Nanoscale
17 Oct 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): David Janes
The trend in downscaling of electronic devices and the need to add functionalities such as sensing and nonvolatile memory to existing circuitry dictate that new approaches be developed for device …
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