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Nano Electro-Mechanical Systems (NEMS) are tiny
machines built at the nanometer scale. Current
NEMS applications are simple machines, such as
the tiny cantilever shown at the right. An electrical circuit measures the deflection
of the lever. A larger version of this device,
with dimensions at the micrometer or millimeter
scale, is commonly used as an airbag sensor in
automobiles. A sudden stop causes a strong
deflection of the lever, which signals that
the airbags should be deployed. At the nano
scale, such a lever is sensitive enough to
measure the weight of individual atoms or
molecules resting upon it.
Learn more about NEMS from the
resources available on this site, listed below.
Molecular Dynamics Simulations with the Second-Generation Reactive Empirical Bond Order (REBO) Potential
out of 5 stars
02 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Wen-Dung Hsu, Susan Sinnott
In this presentation, the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation will be introduced first. The applications of MD simulation, the procedure of MD simulation and some speed-up methods in MD simulation will be talked. Then the bond order potentials which are capable to predict bond breaking and new...
Establishing a Nanotechnology Business
24 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Daniel Coy
There are several fundamental needs to consider when transitioning nanotechnology discovery into a business and, ultimately, the marketplace. These needs include steady cash flow, market focus, the right pool of skills, correct timing, and adequate funding. Developers of a nanotechnology business...
First Principles-Based Modeling of materials: Towards Computational Materials Design
20 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Alejandro Strachan
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with accurate, first principles-based interatomic potentials is a powerful tool to uncover and characterize the molecular-level mechanisms that govern the chemical, mechanical and optical properties of materials. Such fundamental understanding is critical to...
EDA Challenges in Nanoscale Design: A Synopsys Perspective
11 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Rich Goldman
Rich Goldman gives an overview of the current state ofthe semiconductor and EDA (Electronic Design Automation) industry with aspecial focus on the impact of nanometer scale design on design tools andthe economics of the industry.
Molecular Dynamics Studies of Gaseous Transport
05 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Ki-Ho Lee, Jason Myers, Susan Sinnott
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have generated a great deal of interest due to their unique properties. In this study, we examine the transport properties of various nanotubes using REBO-MD to determine the effects of diameter and chirality on transport mode. Both oxygen and methane were diffused through...
Thermal Microsystems for On-Chip Thermal Engineering
04 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Suresh V. Garimella
Electro-thermal co-design at the micro- and nano-scales is critical for achieving desired performance and reliability in microelectronic circuits. Emerging thermal microsystems technologies for this application area are discussed, with specific examples including a novel micromechanical...
Tribological Properties of Carbon Nanotube Bundles
03 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The tribological properties of carbon nanotube(CNT) bundles are investigated in this research using classical molecular dynamics(MD) simulations. Bundle of hollow single walled CNT or CNT filled with C60 is placed between two hydrogen-terminated amorphous diamond-like carbon(DLC) substrates. The...
The Effect of Temperature Control on the Mechanical Behavior of Carbon Nanotubes
29 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The effect of thermostat configurations on the mechanical behavior of empty and butane (n-C4H10) filled (10,10) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is examined using classical, atomistic, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. In particular, the influence of different types of thermostats, relative numbers of...
Mark Ratner Interview on Nanotechnology
23 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Ratner, Krishna Madhavan
Nanotechnology interview with Krishna Madhavan.
Irradiation and Nanomechanics of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
23 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Sharon Pregler, Susan Sinnott
Irradiation of nanotube structures with electron and ion beams has been used to produce functionalized nanotubes and fundamentally new structures, including junctions. Here, we build on previous studies to investigate the low-energy electron and ion (Ar and CF3) beam irradiation of triple walled...
Engineering the Fiber-Matrix Interface in Carbon Nanotube Composites
23 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Sharon Pregler, Yanhong Hu, Susan Sinnott
Particle depositions on polymer and carbon substrates to induce surface chemical modification are a growing research topic in particle-surface interactions due to localized deposition energy and the high density of molecules impacting the surface. Previous simulations have shown that particle...
Bending Properties of Carbon Nanotubes
21 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The effect of filling carbon nanotubes on the mechanical, especially bending, behavior of empty and filled (10,10) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is examined using classical, atomistic, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. In particular, influences of different filling materials like C60 or other CNT...
Molecular Transport Structures: Elastic Scattering, Vibronic Effects and Beyond
13 Feb 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Ratner, Abraham Nitzan, Misha Galperin
Current experimental efforts are clarifying quite beautifully the nature of charge transport in so-called molecular junctions, in which a single molecule provides the channel for current flow between two electrodes. The theoretical modeling of such structures is challenging, because of the...
A Gentle Introduction to Nanotechnology and Nanoscience
13 Feb 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Ratner
While the Greek root nano just means dwarf, the nanoscale has become a giant focus of contemporary science and technology. We will examine the fundamental issues underlying the excitement involved in nanoscale research - what, why and how. Specific topics include assembly, properties,...
Hierarchical Physical Models for Analysis of Electrostatic Nanoelectromechanical Systems (NEMS)
05 Jan 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Narayan Aluru
This talk will introduce hierarchical physical models and efficient computational techniques for coupled analysis of electrical, mechanical and van der Waals energy domains encountered in Nanoelectromechanical Systems (NEMS). Numerical results will be presented for several silicon...
Atomic Force Microscopy
01 Dec 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Arvind Raman
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is an indispensible tool in nano science for the fabrication, metrology, manipulation, and property characterization of nanostructures. This tutorial reviews some of the physics of the interaction forces between the nanoscale tip and sample, the dynamics of the...
First Principles-based Atomistic and Mesoscale Modeling of Materials
01 Dec 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Alejandro Strachan
This tutorial will describe some of the most powerful and widely used techniques for materials modeling including i) first principles quantum mechanics (QM), ii) large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and iii) mesoscale modeling, together with the strategies to bridge between them. These...
Wireless Integrated MicroSystems (WIMS): Coming Revolution in the Gathering of Information
01 Sep 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Kensall D. Wise
Wireless integrated microsystems promise to become pervasive during the coming decade in applications ranging from health care and environmental monitoring to homeland security. Merging low-power embedded computing, wireless interfaces, and wafer-level packaging with microelectromechanical...
Nanoparticle Synthesis and Assembly for Biological Sensing
25 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gil Lee
Nanoparticles have unique physical and chemical properties that make them very useful for biological and chemical sensing. For example, colloidal gold has been used as an optical transducer for antibody based sensing for over twenty years and is the basis for a many of the point-of-use diagnostic...
Laser Cooling of Solids
06 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Massoud Kaviany
Enhanced laser cooling of ion doped nanocrystalline powders (e.g., Yb3+: Y2O3) can be achieved by enhancing the anti-Stokes, off-resonance absorption, which is proportional to the three design-controlled factors, namely, dopant concentration, pumping field energy, and anti-Stokes transition rate....