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When optical components are reduced to the nanoscale, they exhibit interesting properties that can be harnessed to create new devices. For example, imagine a block of material with thin layers of alternating materials. This creates a periodic arrangement of alternating dielectric constants, forming a "photonic crystal" that is analogous to the electronic crystals used in semiconductor devices. Photonic crystals, along with quantum dots and other devices patterned at the nanoscale, may form the basis for sensors and switches used in computers and telecommunications. More information on Nanophotonics can be found here.
Plasmonic Metamaterials: Unusual Optics and Applications
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28 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Igor Smolyaninov
Surface plasmon-polaritons (or plasmons) are collective excitations of the conduction electrons
and the electromagnetic field on the surface of such good metals as gold and silver. Near the...
MCW07 A Quantum Open Systems Approach to Molecular-Scale Devices
25 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Yongqiang Xue
Experimental advances in electrically and optically probing individual molecules have provided new insights into the behavior of single quantum objects and their interaction with the...
Three-Dimensional Photonic Crystals
11 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Minghao Qi
A photonic crystal (PhCs) is typically a composite of a high-dielectric-constant material (e.g. Si) and a low-constant one (e.g. SiO2 or air), arranged periodically in space. Two dimensional...
Nanosphere Optics Lab Field Simulator
22 Jan 2008 | Tools | Contributor(s): Baudilio Tejerina, Tyler Takeshita, Logan Ausman, George C. Schatz
Study of the Electric field induced by Light-Nanoparticle interaction.
KIST/PU Ligand-functionalized gold nanorods as theragnostic agents
06 Dec 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Alexander Wei
Plasmon-resonant gold nanorods have been examined as multifunctional agents for imaging and photoactivated therapies. Nanorods can be imaged with single-particle sensitivity by two-photon...
Silicon Photonics: Opportunity Challenges and Recent Results
02 Nov 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mario Paniccia
The silicon chip has been the mainstay of the electronics industry for the last 40 years and has
revolutionized the way the world operates. Today a silicon chip the size of a fingernail contains...
Conquering Surface Plasmon Resonance Loss in Metallic Nanostructures
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16 Oct 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mikhail A. Noginov
We have observed the compensation of loss in metal by gain in
dielectric in the mixture of Ag aggregate and rhodamine 6G dye. The
demonstrated six-fold enhancement of the Rayleigh scattering is...
Simple Photonic Crystals
18 Sep 2007 | Tools | Contributor(s): Jing Ouyang, Xufeng Wang, Minghao Qi
Photonic Crystal characteristics in an easy way
MCW07 Simple Models for Molecular Transport Junctions
13 Sep 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Misha Galperin, Abraham Nitzan, Mark A. Ratner
We review our recent research on role of interactions in molecular transport junctions. We consider simple models within nonequilibrium Green function approach (NEGF) in steady-state regime.
Micro-scaled Biochips with Optically Active Surfaces for Near and Far-field Analysis of Cellular Fluorescence
31 Aug 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Huw Summers
The integration of thin (< 100 nm) metal films with micro-scale
optical waveguides provides a route to controlled spatial
excitation of cellular fluorescence within a biochip...
Biosensing applications of Plasmon Resonance in gold nanoparticles
06 Aug 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Karina Moore
Light can be used to excite plasmon resonance in gold nanoparticles. Plasmon resonance occurs on the nanoscale as the particles become excited and plasmon oscillations arise in each particle of a...
Pulsed Laser Deposition of Thin Films
02 Aug 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Josh Kaufman
Thin metal films have many applications from optical limiters to nanocircuits. Methods for fabricating these films differ in theory and complexity. Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) is a popular...
26 Jun 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): David D. Nolte
While single-molecule detection through fluorescence has now become common-place, there has been no analogous single-molecule capability using direct detection approaches such as interferometry. ...
Some Remarks to Electrodynamics of Materials with Negative Refraction
26 Jun 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Victor G. Veselago
The negative refraction coefficient n < 0 can be introduced for isotropic materials with anti-parallel directions of phase and group velocities. If some of material can be described by negative n...
Victor Veselago Interview on Nanotechnology and Photonics
26 Jun 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Victor G. Veselago, Phillip Fiorini
Nanotechnology and photonics interview with Phillip Fiorini.
Solid-State Lighting: An Opportunity for Nanotechnologists to Address the Energy Challenge
25 Apr 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Timothy D. Sands
More than one-fifth of the electrical power consumed in the U.S. is used for general illumination. Much of this energy is wasted to heat filaments in incandescent lamps, a century-old technology...
Nanoscale Antenna Apertures
24 Apr 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Xianfan Xu
This presentation will discuss light concentration and enhancement in nanometer-scale ridge aperture antennas. Resent research, including numerical simulations and near field optical measurements...
BNC Annual Research Symposium: Nanophotonics
23 Apr 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Vladimir M. Shalaev
This presentation is part of a collection of presentations describing the projects, people, and capabilities enhanced by research performed in the Birck Center, and a look at plans for the...
Surprises on the nanoscale: Plasmonic waves that travel backward and spin birefringence without magnetic fields
29 Jan 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Daniel Neuhauser
As nanonphotonics and nanoelectronics are pushed down towards the
molecular scale, interesting effects emerge. We discuss how
birefringence (different propagation of two polarizations) is...