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Quantum dots have a small, countable number of electrons confined in a small space. Their electrons are confined by having a tiny bit of conducting material surrounded on all sides by an insulating material. If the insulator is strong enough, and the conducting volume is small enough, then the confinement will force the electrons to have discrete (quantized) energy levels. These energy levels can influence the device behavior at a macroscopic scale, showing up, for example, as peaks in the conductance. Because of the quantized energy levels, quantum dots have been called "artificial atoms." Neighboring, weakly-coupled quantum dots have been called "artificial molecules."
Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Quantum dots can be found here.
A Gentle Introduction to Nanotechnology and Nanoscience
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13 Feb 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Ratner
While the Greek root nano just means dwarf, the nanoscale has become a giant focus of contemporary science and technology. We will examine the fundamental issues underlying the excitement involved in nanoscale research - what, why and how. Specific topics include assembly, properties,...
Active Photonic Nanomaterials: From Random to Periodic Structures
06 Feb 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Hui Cao
Active photonic nanomaterials, which have high gain or large nonlinearity, are essential to the development of nanophotonic devices and circuits. In this talk, I will provide a review of our recent research activities related to the fabrication of active photonic nanomaterials and the...
Designing Nanocomposite Materials for Solid-State Energy Conversion
10 Nov 2005 |
New materials will be necessary to break through today's performance envelopes for solid-state energy conversion devices ranging from LED-based solid-state white lamps to thermoelectric devices for solid-state refrigeration and electric power generation. The combination of recent materials...
VolQD: Graphics Hardware Accelerated Interactive Visual Analytics of Multi-million Atom Nanoelectronics Simulations
13 Dec 2005 | | Contributor(s):: wei qiao
In this work we present a hardware-accelerated direct volume renderingsystem for visualizing multivariate wave functions in semiconductingquantum dot (QD) simulations. The simulation datacontains the probability density values of multiple electron orbitalsfor up to tens of millions of atoms,...
Atomic Force Microscopy
01 Dec 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Arvind Raman
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is an indispensible tool in nano science for the fabrication, metrology, manipulation, and property characterization of nanostructures. This tutorial reviews some of the physics of the interaction forces between the nanoscale tip and sample, the dynamics of the...
Designing Nanocomposite Thermoelectric Materials
08 Nov 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Timothy D. Sands
This tutorial reviews recent strategies for designing high-ZT nanostructured materials, including superlattices, embedded quantum dots, and nanowire composites. The tutorial highlights the challenges inherent to coupled electronic and thermal transport properties.
Bandstructure in Nanoelectronics
01 Nov 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
This presentation will highlight, for nanoelectronic device examples, how the effective mass approximation breaks down and why the quantum mechanical nature of the atomically resolved material needs to be included in the device modeling. Atomistic bandstructure effects in resonant tunneling...
Nanoparticle Synthesis and Assembly for Biological Sensing
25 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gil Lee
Nanoparticles have unique physical and chemical properties that make them very useful for biological and chemical sensing. For example, colloidal gold has been used as an optical transducer for antibody based sensing for over twenty years and is the basis for a many of the point-of-use...
Semiconductor Interfaces at the Nanoscale
17 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: David Janes
The trend in downscaling of electronic devices and the need to add functionalities such as sensing and nonvolatile memory to existing circuitry dictate that new approaches be developed for device structures and fabrication technologies. Various device technologies are being investigated,...
Plasmonic Nanophotonics: Coupling Light to Nanostructure via Plasmons
03 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Vladimir M. Shalaev
The photon is the ultimate unit of information because it packages data in a signal of zero mass and has unmatched speed. The power of light is driving the photonicrevolution, and information technologies, which were formerly entirely electronic, are increasingly enlisting light to communicate...
21 Jul 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
Quantum Dots are man-made artificial atoms that confine electrons to a small space. As such, they have atomic-like behavior and enable the study of quantum mechanical effects on a length scale that is around 100 times larger than the pure atomic scale. Quantum dots offer application...
Parallel Computing for Realistic Nanoelectronic Simulations
12 Sep 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
Typical modeling and simulation efforts directed towards the understanding of electron transport at the nanometer scale utilize single workstations as computational engines. Growing understanding of the involved physics and the need to model realistically extended devices increases the...
Nanomaterials: Quantum Dots, Nanowires and Nanotubes
15 Jul 2005 |
What is a quantum dot? What is a nanowire? What is a nanotube? Why are these interesting and what are their potential applications? How are they made? This presentation is intended to begin to answer these questions while introducing some fundamental concepts such as wave-particle duality,...
HPC and Visualization for multimillion atom simulations
21 Jun 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
This presentation gives an overview of the HPC and visulaization efforts involving multi-million atom simulations for the June 2005 NSF site visit to the Network for Computational Nanotechnology.
Single Electron Switching with Nano-Electromechanical Systems and Applications in Ion Channel Transport
01 Nov 2004 | | Contributor(s):: Robert H. Blick
Taking classes in physics always starts with Newtonian mechanics. In reducing the size of the objects considered however the transition into the quantum mechanical regime has to occur. The 'mechanics' of quantum mechanics is best studied in nano-structured semiconductor systems often termed...
Control of Exchange Interaction in a Double Dot System
05 Feb 2004 | | Contributor(s):: Mike Stopa
As Rolf Landauer observed in 1960, information is physical. As a consequence, the transport and processing of information must obey the laws of physics. It therefore makes sense to base the laws of information processing and computation on the laws of physics and in particular on quantum...
Quantum-dot Cellular Automata
24 Nov 2003 |
The multiple challenges presented by the problem of scaling transistor sizes are all related to the fact that transistors encode binary information by the state of a current switch. What is required is a new paradigm, still capable of providing general purpose digital computation, but which can...