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Quantum dots have a small, countable number of electrons confined in a small space. Their electrons are confined by having a tiny bit of conducting material surrounded on all sides by an insulating material. If the insulator is strong enough, and the conducting volume is small enough, then the confinement will force the electrons to have discrete (quantized) energy levels. These energy levels can influence the device behavior at a macroscopic scale, showing up, for example, as peaks in the conductance. Because of the quantized energy levels, quantum dots have been called "artificial atoms." Neighboring, weakly-coupled quantum dots have been called "artificial molecules."
Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Quantum dots can be found here.
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 32: Strain Layer Design through Quantum Dot TCAD
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04 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Muhammad Usman
This presentation demonstrates the utilization of NEMO3D to understand complex experimental data of embedded InAs quantum dots that are selectively overgrown with a strain reducing InGaAs layer. …
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 31a: Long-Range Strain in InGaAs Quantum Dots
04 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
This presentation demonstrates the importance of long-range strain in quantum dots Numerical analysis of the importance of the buffer around the central quantum dot - local band edges – …
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 29: Introduction to the NEMO3D Tool
This presentation provides a very high level software overview of NEMO3D. The items discussed are: Modeling Agenda and Motivation Tight-Binding Motivation and basic formula expressions Tight …
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 28: Introduction to Quantum Dots and Modeling Needs/Requirements
20 Jul 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
This presentation provides a very high level software overview of NEMO1D. Learning Objectives: This lecture provides a very high level overview of quantum dots. The main issues and questions …
Nanotechnology Animation Gallery
22 Apr 2010 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Saumitra Raj Mehrotra, Gerhard Klimeck
Animations and visualization are generated with various nanoHUB.org tools to enable insight into nanotechnology and nanoscience. Click on image for detailed description and larger image download. …
12 Apr 2010 | Animations | Contributor(s): Saumitra Raj Mehrotra, Gerhard Klimeck
In quantum mechanics the time-independent Schrodinger's equation can be solved for eigenfunctions (also called eigenstates or wave-functions) and corresponding eigenenergies (or energy levels) for a …
Illinois ABE 446 Lecture 3: Quantum Dots and Polymers
11 Feb 2010 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Kaustubh Bhalerao
Nanoelectronic Modeling: Exercises 1-3 - Barrier Structures, RTDs, and Quantum Dots
27 Jan 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
Exercises: Barrier Structures Uses: Piece-Wise Constant Potential Barrier Tool Resonant Tunneling Diodes Uses: Resonant Tunneling Diode Simulation with NEGF • Hartree calculation • …
Nanoelectronic Modeling: From Quantum Mechanics and Atoms to Realistic Devices
25 Jan 2010 | Courses | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
The goal of this series of lectures is to explain the critical concepts in the understanding of the state-of-the-art modeling of nanoelectronic devices such as resonant tunneling diodes, quantum …
Quantum Dot Lab Demonstration: Pyramidal Qdots
11 Jun 2009 | Animations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Benjamin P Haley
This video shows the simulation and analysis of a pyramid-shaped quantum dot using Quantum Dot Lab. Several powerful analytic features of this tool are demonstrated.
Thermoelectric Power Factor Calculator for Nanocrystalline Composites
18 Oct 2008 | Tools | Contributor(s): Terence Musho, Greg Walker
Quantum Simulation of the Seebeck Coefficient and Electrical Conductivity in a 2D Nanocrystalline Composite Structure using Non-Equilibrium Green's Functions
Nanobiotechnology – a different perspective
22 Jul 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Murali Sastry
The study of the synthesis, exotic properties, assembly/packaging and potential commercial application of nanomaterials is an extremely important topic of research that is expected to have …
Nano Carbon: From ballistic transistors to atomic drumheads
14 May 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Paul L. McEuen
Carbon takes many forms, from precious diamonds to lowly graphite. Surprisingly, it is the latter that is the most prized by nano physicists. Graphene, a single layer of graphite, can serve as an …
Bionanotechnology: a different perspective
30 Apr 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Murali Sastry
Introduction to Coulomb Blockade Lab
31 Mar 2008 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Bhaskaran Muralidharan, Xufeng Wang, Gerhard Klimeck
The tutorial is based on the Coulomb Blockade Lab available online at Coulomb Blockade Lab. Students are introduced to the concepts of level broadening and charging energies in artificial atoms …
Coulomb Blockade Simulation
05 Jul 2006 | Tools | Contributor(s): Xufeng Wang, Bhaskaran Muralidharan, Gerhard Klimeck
Simulate Coulomb Blockade through Many-Body Calculations in a single and double quantum dot system
Introduction to Quantum Dot Lab
31 Mar 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Sunhee Lee, Hoon Ryu, Gerhard Klimeck
The nanoHUB tool "Quantum Dot Lab" allows users to compute the quantum mechanical "particle in a box" problem for a variety of different confinement shapes, such as boxes, ellipsoids, disks, and …
Quantum Dot Spectra, Absorption, and State Symmetry: an Exercise
30 Mar 2008 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
The tutorial questions based on the Quantum Dot Lab v1.0 available online at Quantum Dot Lab. Students are asked to explore the various different quantum dot shapes, optimize the intra-band …
Nanoelectronic Modeling: Multimillion Atom Simulations, Transport, and HPC Scaling to 23,000 Processors
07 Mar 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
Future field effect transistors will be on the same length scales as “esoteric” devices such as quantum dots, nanowires, ultra-scaled quantum wells, and resonant tunneling diodes. In those …
MCW07 Physics of Contact Induced Current Asymmetry in Transport Through Molecules
25 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Bhaskaran Muralidharan, Owen D. Miller, Neeti Kapur, Avik Ghosh, Supriyo Datta
We first outline the qualitatively different physics involved in the charging-induced current asymmetries in molecular conductors operating in the strongly coupled (weakly interacting) …
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