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Quantum dots have a small, countable number of electrons confined in a small space. Their electrons are confined by having a tiny bit of conducting material surrounded on all sides by an insulating material. If the insulator is strong enough, and the conducting volume is small enough, then the confinement will force the electrons to have discrete (quantized) energy levels. These energy levels can influence the device behavior at a macroscopic scale, showing up, for example, as peaks in the conductance. Because of the quantized energy levels, quantum dots have been called "artificial atoms." Neighboring, weakly-coupled quantum dots have been called "artificial molecules."
Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Quantum dots can be found here.
The History of Semiconductor Heterostructures Research: From Early Double Heterostructure Concept to Modern Quantum Dot Structures
11 Jul 2011 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Zhores I. Alferov
It would be very difficult today to imagine solid-state physics without semiconductor heterostructures. Semiconductor heterostructures and especially double heterostructures, including quantum...
Thermoelectric Power Factor Calculator for Nanocrystalline Composites
0.0 out of 5 stars
18 Oct 2008 | Tools | Contributor(s): Terence Musho, Greg Walker
Quantum Simulation of the Seebeck Coefficient and Electrical Conductivity in a 2D Nanocrystalline Composite Structure using Non-Equilibrium Green's Functions
Tutorial 4b: Introduction to the NEMO3D Tool - Electronic Structure and Transport in 3D
29 Mar 2011 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
Electronic Structure and Transport in 3D - Quantum Dots, Nanowires and Ultra-Thin Body Transistors
Visualization of and Educational Tool for Quantum Dots
15 Aug 2004 | Presentation Materials | Contributor(s): Aaron Christensen, Adrian Rios
Quantum dots (QDs) are confined structures made of metals and semiconductors that are capable of containing free electrons.The ability to visualize these small devices is advantageous in...
VolQD: Graphics Hardware Accelerated Interactive Visual Analytics of Multi-million Atom Nanoelectronics Simulations
5.0 out of 5 stars
13 Dec 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Wei Qiao
In this work we present a hardware-accelerated direct volume rendering
system for visualizing multivariate wave functions in semiconducting
quantum dot (QD) simulations. The simulation...
What Can the TEM Tell You About Your Nanomaterial?
26 Feb 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Eric Stach
In this tutorial, I will present a brief overview of the ways that transmission electron microscopy can be used to characterize nanoscale materials. This tutorial will emphasize what TEM does...