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Quantum dots have a small, countable number of electrons confined in a small space. Their electrons are confined by having a tiny bit of conducting material surrounded on all sides by an insulating material. If the insulator is strong enough, and the conducting volume is small enough, then the confinement will force the electrons to have discrete (quantized) energy levels. These energy levels can influence the device behavior at a macroscopic scale, showing up, for example, as peaks in the conductance. Because of the quantized energy levels, quantum dots have been called "artificial atoms." Neighboring, weakly-coupled quantum dots have been called "artificial molecules."

Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Quantum dots can be found here.

Resources (21-40 of 86)

  1. Excited State Spectroscopy of a Quantum Dot Molecule

    11 Jan 2013 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad Usman

    Atomistic electronic structure calculations are performed to study the coherent inter-dot couplings of the electronic states in a single InGaAs quantum dot molecule. The experimentally observed...

  2. Finite Size Scaling and Quantum Criticality

    02 Jan 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Sabre Kais

    In statistical mechanics, the finite size scaling method provides a systematic way to extrapolate information about criticality obtained from a finite system to the thermodynamic limit. For...

  3. HPC and Visualization for multimillion atom simulations

    21 Jun 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck

    This presentation gives an overview of the HPC and visulaization efforts involving multi-million atom simulations for the June 2005 NSF site visit to the Network for Computational Nanotechnology.

  4. Illinois ECE598XL Semiconductor Nanotechnology - 3 - Quantum Dots: Formation

    27 Jun 2011 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Xiuling Li

  5. Introduction to Coulomb Blockade Lab

    31 Mar 2008 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Bhaskaran Muralidharan, Xufeng Wang, Gerhard Klimeck

    The tutorial is based on the Coulomb Blockade Lab available online at Coulomb Blockade Lab. Students are introduced to the concepts of level broadening and charging energies in artificial atoms...

  6. Introduction to Quantum Dot Lab

    31 Mar 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Sunhee Lee, Hoon Ryu, Gerhard Klimeck

    The nanoHUB tool "Quantum Dot Lab" allows users to compute the quantum mechanical "particle in a box" problem for a variety of different confinement shapes, such as boxes, ellipsoids, disks, and...

  7. KIST/PU Multi-Component, Multi-Functional Nanomedical Systems for Drug/Gene Delivery

    23 Oct 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): James Leary

    In this brief paper we describe some of our recent efforts to construct multi-component, multi-functional nanomedical systems for delivery of therapeutic genes. We first describe the general...

  8. MCW07 Physics of Contact Induced Current Asymmetry in Transport Through Molecules

    25 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Bhaskaran Muralidharan, Owen D. Miller, Neeti Kapur, Avik Ghosh, Supriyo Datta

    We first outline the qualitatively different physics involved in the charging-induced current asymmetries in molecular conductors operating in the strongly coupled (weakly interacting)...

  9. MCW07 Simple Models for Molecular Transport Junctions

    13 Sep 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Misha Galperin, Abraham Nitzan, Mark A. Ratner

    We review our recent research on role of interactions in molecular transport junctions. We consider simple models within nonequilibrium Green function approach (NEGF) in steady-state regime.

  10. Micro-scaled Biochips with Optically Active Surfaces for Near and Far-field Analysis of Cellular Fluorescence

    31 Aug 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Huw Summers

    The integration of thin (< 100 nm) metal films with micro-scale optical waveguides provides a route to controlled spatial excitation of cellular fluorescence within a biochip...

  11. Modeling the quantum dot growth in the continuum approximation

    12 Jan 2011 | Papers | Contributor(s): Peter Cendula

    Quantum dots can grow spontaneously during molecular beam epitaxy of two materials with different lattice parameters, Stranski-Krastanow growth mode. We study a mathematical model based on the...

  12. Molecular Transport Structures: Elastic Scattering, Vibronic Effects and Beyond

    13 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark A. Ratner, Abraham Nitzan, Misha Galperin

    Current experimental efforts are clarifying quite beautifully the nature of charge transport in so-called molecular junctions, in which a single molecule provides the channel for current flow...

  13. Nano Carbon: From ballistic transistors to atomic drumheads

    14 May 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Paul L. McEuen

    Carbon takes many forms, from precious diamonds to lowly graphite. Surprisingly, it is the latter that is the most prized by nano physicists. Graphene, a single layer of graphite, can serve as an...

  14. Nanobiotechnology – a different perspective

    22 Jul 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Murali Sastry

    The study of the synthesis, exotic properties, assembly/packaging and potential commercial application of nanomaterials is an extremely important topic of research that is expected to have...

  15. Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 28: Introduction to Quantum Dots and Modeling Needs/Requirements

    20 Jul 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck

    This presentation provides a very high level software overview of NEMO1D. Learning Objectives: This lecture provides a very high level overview of quantum dots. The main issues and...

  16. Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 29: Introduction to the NEMO3D Tool

    04 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck

    This presentation provides a very high level software overview of NEMO3D. The items discussed are: Modeling Agenda and Motivation Tight-Binding Motivation and basic formula...

  17. Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 31a: Long-Range Strain in InGaAs Quantum Dots

    04 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck

    This presentation demonstrates the importance of long-range strain in quantum dots Numerical analysis of the importance of the buffer around the central quantum dot - local band edges –...

  18. Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 32: Strain Layer Design through Quantum Dot TCAD

    04 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Muhammad Usman

    This presentation demonstrates the utilization of NEMO3D to understand complex experimental data of embedded InAs quantum dots that are selectively overgrown with a strain reducing InGaAs layer....

  19. Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 34: Alloy Disorder in Quantum Dots

    05 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Timothy Boykin, Chris Bowen

    This presentation discusses the consequences of Alloy Disorder in strained InGaAs Quantum Dots Reminder of the origin of bandstructure and bandstructure engineering What happens when...

  20. Nanoelectronic Modeling: Exercises 1-3 - Barrier Structures, RTDs, and Quantum Dots

    27 Jan 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck

    Exercises: Barrier Structures Uses: Piece-Wise Constant Potential Barrier Tool Resonant Tunneling Diodes Uses: Resonant Tunneling Diode Simulation with NEGF • Hartree calculation •..., a resource for nanoscience and nanotechnology, is supported by the National Science Foundation and other funding agencies. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.