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Quantum dots have a small, countable number of electrons confined in a small space. Their electrons are confined by having a tiny bit of conducting material surrounded on all sides by an insulating material. If the insulator is strong enough, and the conducting volume is small enough, then the confinement will force the electrons to have discrete (quantized) energy levels. These energy levels can influence the device behavior at a macroscopic scale, showing up, for example, as peaks in the conductance. Because of the quantized energy levels, quantum dots have been called "artificial atoms." Neighboring, weakly-coupled quantum dots have been called "artificial molecules."
Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Quantum dots can be found here.
Excited State Spectroscopy of a Quantum Dot Molecule
11 Jan 2013 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad Usman
Atomistic electronic structure calculations are performed to study the coherent inter-dot couplings of the electronic states in a single InGaAs quantum dot molecule. The experimentally observed...
Finite Size Scaling and Quantum Criticality
0.0 out of 5 stars
02 Jan 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Sabre Kais
In statistical mechanics, the finite size scaling method provides a systematic way to extrapolate information about criticality obtained from a finite system to the thermodynamic limit. For...
HPC and Visualization for multimillion atom simulations
20 Jun 2005 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
This presentation gives an overview of the HPC and visulaization efforts involving multi-million atom simulations for the June 2005 NSF site visit to the Network for Computational Nanotechnology.
Illinois ECE598XL Semiconductor Nanotechnology - 3 - Quantum Dots: Formation
27 Jun 2011 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Xiuling Li
Introduction to Coulomb Blockade Lab
31 Mar 2008 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Bhaskaran Muralidharan, Xufeng Wang, Gerhard Klimeck
The tutorial is based on the Coulomb Blockade Lab available online at Coulomb Blockade Lab. Students are introduced to the concepts of level broadening and charging energies in artificial atoms...
Introduction to Quantum Dot Lab
4.5 out of 5 stars
31 Mar 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Sunhee Lee, Hoon Ryu, Gerhard Klimeck
The nanoHUB tool "Quantum Dot Lab" allows users to compute the quantum mechanical "particle in a box" problem for a variety of different
confinement shapes, such as boxes, ellipsoids, disks, and...
KIST/PU Multi-Component, Multi-Functional Nanomedical Systems for Drug/Gene Delivery
23 Oct 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): James Leary
In this brief paper we describe some of our recent efforts to construct multi-component, multi-functional nanomedical systems for delivery of therapeutic genes. We first describe the general...
MCW07 Physics of Contact Induced Current Asymmetry in Transport Through Molecules
25 Feb 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Bhaskaran Muralidharan, Owen D. Miller, Neeti Kapur, Avik Ghosh, Supriyo Datta
We first outline the qualitatively different physics involved in the charging-induced current asymmetries in molecular conductors operating in the strongly coupled (weakly interacting)...
MCW07 Simple Models for Molecular Transport Junctions
13 Sep 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Misha Galperin, Abraham Nitzan, Mark A. Ratner
We review our recent research on role of interactions in molecular transport junctions. We consider simple models within nonequilibrium Green function approach (NEGF) in steady-state regime.
Micro-scaled Biochips with Optically Active Surfaces for Near and Far-field Analysis of Cellular Fluorescence
31 Aug 2007 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Huw Summers
The integration of thin (< 100 nm) metal films with micro-scale
optical waveguides provides a route to controlled spatial
excitation of cellular fluorescence within a biochip...
Modeling the quantum dot growth in the continuum approximation
12 Jan 2011 | Papers | Contributor(s): Peter Cendula
Quantum dots can grow spontaneously during molecular beam epitaxy of
two materials with different lattice parameters, Stranski-Krastanow growth mode.
We study a mathematical model based on the...
Molecular Transport Structures: Elastic Scattering, Vibronic Effects and Beyond
13 Feb 2006 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Mark A. Ratner, Abraham Nitzan, Misha Galperin
Current experimental efforts are clarifying quite beautifully the nature of charge transport in so-called molecular junctions, in which a single molecule provides the channel for current flow...
Nano Carbon: From ballistic transistors to atomic drumheads
5.0 out of 5 stars
14 May 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Paul L. McEuen
Carbon takes many forms, from precious diamonds to lowly graphite. Surprisingly, it is the latter that is the most prized by nano physicists. Graphene, a single layer of graphite, can serve as an...
Nanobiotechnology – a different perspective
22 Jul 2008 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Murali Sastry
The study of the synthesis, exotic properties, assembly/packaging and potential commercial application of nanomaterials is an extremely important topic of research that is expected to have...
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 28: Introduction to Quantum Dots and Modeling Needs/Requirements
20 Jul 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
This presentation provides a very high level software overview of NEMO1D.
This lecture provides a very high level overview of quantum dots. The main issues and...
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 29: Introduction to the NEMO3D Tool
04 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
This presentation provides a very high level software overview of NEMO3D. The items discussed are:
Modeling Agenda and Motivation
Tight-Binding Motivation and basic formula...
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 31a: Long-Range Strain in InGaAs Quantum Dots
This presentation demonstrates the importance of long-range strain in quantum dots
Numerical analysis of the importance of the buffer around the central quantum dot - local band edges –...
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 32: Strain Layer Design through Quantum Dot TCAD
04 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Muhammad Usman
This presentation demonstrates the utilization of NEMO3D to understand complex experimental data of embedded InAs quantum dots that are selectively overgrown with a strain reducing InGaAs layer....
Nanoelectronic Modeling Lecture 34: Alloy Disorder in Quantum Dots
05 Aug 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Timothy Boykin, Chris Bowen
This presentation discusses the consequences of Alloy Disorder in strained InGaAs Quantum Dots
Reminder of the origin of bandstructure and bandstructure engineering
What happens when...
Nanoelectronic Modeling: Exercises 1-3 - Barrier Structures, RTDs, and Quantum Dots
27 Jan 2010 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
Uses: Piece-Wise Constant Potential Barrier Tool
Resonant Tunneling Diodes
Uses: Resonant Tunneling Diode Simulation with NEGF
• Hartree calculation