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Quantum dots have a small, countable number of electrons confined in a small space. Their electrons are confined by having a tiny bit of conducting material surrounded on all sides by an insulating material. If the insulator is strong enough, and the conducting volume is small enough, then the confinement will force the electrons to have discrete (quantized) energy levels. These energy levels can influence the device behavior at a macroscopic scale, showing up, for example, as peaks in the conductance. Because of the quantized energy levels, quantum dots have been called "artificial atoms." Neighboring, weakly-coupled quantum dots have been called "artificial molecules."
Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Quantum dots can be found here.
Semiconductor Interfaces at the Nanoscale
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17 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: David Janes
The trend in downscaling of electronic devices and the need to add functionalities such as sensing and nonvolatile memory to existing circuitry dictate that new approaches be developed for device structures and fabrication technologies. Various device technologies are being investigated,...
Plasmonic Nanophotonics: Coupling Light to Nanostructure via Plasmons
03 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Vladimir M. Shalaev
The photon is the ultimate unit of information because it packages data in a signal of zero mass and has unmatched speed. The power of light is driving the photonicrevolution, and information technologies, which were formerly entirely electronic, are increasingly enlisting light to communicate...
21 Jul 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
Quantum Dots are man-made artificial atoms that confine electrons to a small space. As such, they have atomic-like behavior and enable the study of quantum mechanical effects on a length scale that is around 100 times larger than the pure atomic scale. Quantum dots offer application...
Parallel Computing for Realistic Nanoelectronic Simulations
12 Sep 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
Typical modeling and simulation efforts directed towards the understanding of electron transport at the nanometer scale utilize single workstations as computational engines. Growing understanding of the involved physics and the need to model realistically extended devices increases the...
Nanomaterials: Quantum Dots, Nanowires and Nanotubes
15 Jul 2005 |
What is a quantum dot? What is a nanowire? What is a nanotube? Why are these interesting and what are their potential applications? How are they made? This presentation is intended to begin to answer these questions while introducing some fundamental concepts such as wave-particle duality,...
HPC and Visualization for multimillion atom simulations
21 Jun 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck
This presentation gives an overview of the HPC and visulaization efforts involving multi-million atom simulations for the June 2005 NSF site visit to the Network for Computational Nanotechnology.
2005 Molecular Conduction and Sensors Workshop
27 Jul 2005 |
This is the 3rd in a series of annual workshops on Molecular Conduction. The prior workshops have been at Purdue University, W. Lafayette, IN (2003) and Nothwestern University, Evanston, IL (2004). The workshop has been an informal and open venue for discussing new results, key challenges, and...
SEQUAL 2.1 Source Code Download
09 Mar 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Michael McLennan
SEQUAL 2.1 is a device simulation program that computes Semiconductor Electrostatics by Quantum Analysis. Given a device, SEQUAL will compute the electron density and the current density using a quantum mechanical, collisionless description of electron propagation. It was designed to be a...
Single Electron Switching with Nano-Electromechanical Systems and Applications in Ion Channel Transport
01 Nov 2004 | | Contributor(s):: Robert H. Blick
Taking classes in physics always starts with Newtonian mechanics. In reducing the size of the objects considered however the transition into the quantum mechanical regime has to occur. The 'mechanics' of quantum mechanics is best studied in nano-structured semiconductor systems often termed...
Visualization of and Educational Tool for Quantum Dots
15 Aug 2004 | | Contributor(s):: Aaron Christensen, Adrian Rios
Quantum dots (QDs) are confined structures made of metals and semiconductors that are capable of containing free electrons.The ability to visualize these small devices is advantageous in determining probable electron orbitals and in observing information not easily conceived in raw datasets.
Control of Exchange Interaction in a Double Dot System
05 Feb 2004 | | Contributor(s):: Mike Stopa
As Rolf Landauer observed in 1960, information is physical. As a consequence, the transport and processing of information must obey the laws of physics. It therefore makes sense to base the laws of information processing and computation on the laws of physics and in particular on quantum...
Quantum-dot Cellular Automata
24 Nov 2003 |
The multiple challenges presented by the problem of scaling transistor sizes are all related to the fact that transistors encode binary information by the state of a current switch. What is required is a new paradigm, still capable of providing general purpose digital computation, but which can...