Tags: quantum dots

Description

Quantum dots have a small, countable number of electrons confined in a small space. Their electrons are confined by having a tiny bit of conducting material surrounded on all sides by an insulating material. If the insulator is strong enough, and the conducting volume is small enough, then the confinement will force the electrons to have discrete (quantized) energy levels. These energy levels can influence the device behavior at a macroscopic scale, showing up, for example, as peaks in the conductance. Because of the quantized energy levels, quantum dots have been called "artificial atoms." Neighboring, weakly-coupled quantum dots have been called "artificial molecules."

Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Quantum dots can be found here.

Resources (61-80 of 92)

  1. Surprises on the nanoscale: Plasmonic waves that travel backward and spin birefringence without magnetic fields

    08 Jan 2007 |

    As nanonphotonics and nanoelectronics are pushed down towards the molecular scale, interesting effects emerge. We discuss how birefringence (different propagation of two polarizations) is manifested and could be useful in the future for two systems: coherent plasmonic transport of near-field...

  2. Nanoparticles in Biology and Materials: Engineering the Interface through Synthesis

    29 Jan 2007 |

    Monolayer-protected nanoparticles provide versatile tools for nanotechnology. In our research, we use these nanoparticles as building blocks for the creation of functional magnetic and electronic nanocomposite materials. Simultaneously, we are using these particles as scaffolds for biomolecular...

  3. Nanotechnology and Occupational Safety and Health: What are the Issues, What do we know, and What is NIOSH Doing

    21 Nov 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Chuck L Geraci

    Nanotechnology and Occupational Safety and Health: What are the Issues, What do we know, and What is NIOSH Doing

  4. NEMO 3D: Intel optimizations and Multiple Quantum Dot Simulations

    03 Aug 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Anish Dhanekula, Gerhard Klimeck

    NEMO-3D is a nanoelectronic modeling tool that analyzes the electronic structure of nanoscopic devices. Nanoelectronic devices such as Quantum Dots (QDs) can contain millions of atoms,. Therefore, simulating their electronic structure, can take up to several days. In order to simulate and...

  5. A MATLAB code for Hartree Fock calculation of H-H ground state bondlength and energy using STO-4G

    08 Aug 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Amritanshu Palaria

    Hartree Fock (HF) theory is one of the basic theories underlying the current understanding of the electronic structure of materials. It is a simple non-relativistic treatment of many electron system that accounts for the antisymmetric (fermion) nature of electronic wavefunction but does not...

  6. Quantum Transport: Atom to Transistor (Spring 2004)

    23 May 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Supriyo Datta

    Spring 2004 Please Note: A newer version of this course is now available and we would greatly appreciate your feedback regarding the new format and contents. Course Information Website The development of "nanotechnology" has made it possible to engineer materials and devices...

  7. Nanotubes and Nanowires: One-dimensional Materials

    17 Jul 2006 |

    What is a nanowire? What is a nanotube? Why are they interesting and what are their potential applications? How are they made? This presentation is intended to begin to answer these questions while introducing some fundamental concepts such as wave-particle duality, quantum confinement, the...

  8. Engineering Nanomedical Systems

    06 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: James Leary

    This tutorial discusses general problems and approaches to the design of engineered nanomedical systems. One example given is the engineering design of programmable multilayered nanoparticles (PMNP) to control a multi-sequence process of targeting to rare cells in-vivo, re-targeting to...

  9. Molecular Transport Structures: Elastic Scattering, Vibronic Effects and Beyond

    13 Feb 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Ratner, Abraham Nitzan,

    Current experimental efforts are clarifying quite beautifully the nature of charge transport in so-called molecular junctions, in which a single molecule provides the channel for current flow between two electrodes. The theoretical modeling of such structures is challenging, because of the...

  10. A Gentle Introduction to Nanotechnology and Nanoscience

    13 Feb 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Ratner

    While the Greek root nano just means dwarf, the nanoscale has become a giant focus of contemporary science and technology. We will examine the fundamental issues underlying the excitement involved in nanoscale research - what, why and how. Specific topics include assembly, properties,...

  11. Active Photonic Nanomaterials: From Random to Periodic Structures

    06 Feb 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Hui Cao

    Active photonic nanomaterials, which have high gain or large nonlinearity, are essential to the development of nanophotonic devices and circuits. In this talk, I will provide a review of our recent research activities related to the fabrication of active photonic nanomaterials and the...

  12. Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA) - Memory Cells

    03 Feb 2006 |

    Scientists and engineers are looking for completely different ways of storing and analyzing information. Quantum-dot Cellular Automata are one possible solution. In computers of the future, transistors may be replaced by assemblies of quantum dots called Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCAs).This...

  13. Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA) - Logic Gates

    03 Feb 2006 |

    An earlier animation described how "Quantum-dot Cellular Automata" (QCAs) could serve as memory cells and wires. This animation contnues the story by describing how QCAs can be made into MAJORITY, OR, AND, and INVERTER logic gates.

  14. Designing Nanocomposite Materials for Solid-State Energy Conversion

    10 Nov 2005 |

    New materials will be necessary to break through today's performance envelopes for solid-state energy conversion devices ranging from LED-based solid-state white lamps to thermoelectric devices for solid-state refrigeration and electric power generation. The combination of recent materials...

  15. VolQD: Graphics Hardware Accelerated Interactive Visual Analytics of Multi-million Atom Nanoelectronics Simulations

    13 Dec 2005 | | Contributor(s):: wei qiao

    In this work we present a hardware-accelerated direct volume renderingsystem for visualizing multivariate wave functions in semiconductingquantum dot (QD) simulations. The simulation datacontains the probability density values of multiple electron orbitalsfor up to tens of millions of atoms,...

  16. Atomic Force Microscopy

    01 Dec 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Arvind Raman

    Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is an indispensible tool in nano science for the fabrication, metrology, manipulation, and property characterization of nanostructures. This tutorial reviews some of the physics of the interaction forces between the nanoscale tip and sample, the dynamics of the...

  17. Quantum Dot Lab

    12 Nov 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Prasad Sarangapani, James Fonseca, Daniel F Mejia, James Charles, Woody Gilbertson, Tarek Ahmed Ameen, Hesameddin Ilatikhameneh, Andrew Roché, Lars Bjaalie, Sebastian Steiger, David Ebert, Matteo Mannino, Hong-Hyun Park, Tillmann Christoph Kubis, Michael Povolotskyi, Michael McLennan, Gerhard Klimeck

    Compute the eigenstates of a particle in a box of various shapes including domes, pyramids and multilayer structures.

  18. Designing Nanocomposite Thermoelectric Materials

    08 Nov 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Timothy D. Sands

    This tutorial reviews recent strategies for designing high-ZT nanostructured materials, including superlattices, embedded quantum dots, and nanowire composites. The tutorial highlights the challenges inherent to coupled electronic and thermal transport properties.

  19. Bandstructure in Nanoelectronics

    01 Nov 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gerhard Klimeck

    This presentation will highlight, for nanoelectronic device examples, how the effective mass approximation breaks down and why the quantum mechanical nature of the atomically resolved material needs to be included in the device modeling. Atomistic bandstructure effects in resonant tunneling...

  20. Nanoparticle Synthesis and Assembly for Biological Sensing

    25 Oct 2005 | | Contributor(s):: Gil Lee

    Nanoparticles have unique physical and chemical properties that make them very useful for biological and chemical sensing. For example, colloidal gold has been used as an optical transducer for antibody based sensing for over twenty years and is the basis for a many of the point-of-use...