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Quantum dots have a small, countable number of electrons confined in a small space. Their electrons are confined by having a tiny bit of conducting material surrounded on all sides by an insulating material. If the insulator is strong enough, and the conducting volume is small enough, then the confinement will force the electrons to have discrete (quantized) energy levels. These energy levels can influence the device behavior at a macroscopic scale, showing up, for example, as peaks in the conductance. Because of the quantized energy levels, quantum dots have been called "artificial atoms." Neighboring, weakly-coupled quantum dots have been called "artificial molecules."
Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Quantum dots can be found here.
Excited State Spectroscopy of a Quantum Dot Molecule
11 Jan 2013 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad Usman
Atomistic electronic structure calculations are performed to study the coherent inter-dot couplings of the electronic states in a single InGaAs quantum dot molecule. The experimentally observed...
Quantum Dot Quantum Computation Simulator
0.0 out of 5 stars
17 Sep 2012 | Tools | Contributor(s): Brian Sutton
Performs simulations of quantum dot quantum computation using a model Hamiltonian with an on-site magnetic field and modulated inter-dot exchange interaction.
NEMO5 Tutorial 5A: Devi ce Simulation - Quantum Dots
17 Jul 2012 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Jean Michel D Sellier
This presentation introduces the capabilities of NEMO5 to simulate quantum dots.
Quantum Dot based Photonic Devices
01 Apr 2012 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad Usman
Deployment of nanometer-sized semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) in the active region of
photonic devices such as lasers, semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA's), photo-detectors etc.
emiley krystine herbert
NEMO3D User Guide for Quantum Dot Simulations
29 Nov 2011 | Papers | Contributor(s): M. Usman, Gerhard Klimeck
NEMO 3D is a large and complex simulator; and understanding of its source code requires considerable knowledge of quantum mechanics, condensed matter theory, and parallel programming.
Polarization Response of Multi-layer InAs Quantum Dot Stacks
25 Oct 2011 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Muhammad Usman
Recent experimental measurements, without any theoretical guidance, showed that isotropic polarization response can be achieved by increasing the number of QD layers in a QD stack. In this work,...
BME 695L Lecture 5: Nanomaterials for Core Design
03 Oct 2011 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): James Leary
See references below for related reading.
5.1.1 core building blocks
The History of Semiconductor Heterostructures Research: From Early Double Heterostructure Concept to Modern Quantum Dot Structures
11 Jul 2011 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Zhores I. Alferov
It would be very difficult today to imagine solid-state physics without semiconductor heterostructures. Semiconductor heterostructures and especially double heterostructures, including quantum...
Illinois ECE598XL Semiconductor Nanotechnology - 3 - Quantum Dots: Formation
27 Jun 2011 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Xiuling Li
with what equations I can calculate photoluminescence spectra of Quantum Dots?
Closed | Responses: 0
I want to find theoretically photo and electro luminescence of self assembled InAs/GaAs QDs in a PIN diode...
Quantitative Modeling and Simulation of Quantum Dots
18 Apr 2011 | Presentation Materials | Contributor(s): Muhammad Usman
Quantum dots grown by self-assembly process are typically constructed by 50,000 to 5,000,000 structural atoms which confine a small, countable number of extra electrons or holes in a space that is...
Tutorial 4b: Introduction to the NEMO3D Tool - Electronic Structure and Transport in 3D
29 Mar 2011 | Online Presentations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck
Electronic Structure and Transport in 3D - Quantum Dots, Nanowires and Ultra-Thin Body Transistors
Quantum Dot Wave Function (Quantum Dot Lab)
02 Feb 2011 | Animations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, David S. Ebert, Wei Qiao
Electron density of an artificial atom. The animation sequence shows various electronic states in an Indium Arsenide (InAs)/Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) self-assembled quantum dot.
Self-Assembled Quantum Dot Structure (pyramid)
02 Feb 2011 | Animations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Insoo Woo, Muhammad Usman, David S. Ebert
Pyramidal InAs Quantum dot. The quantum dot is 27 atomic monolayers wide at the base and 15 atomic monolayers tall.
Quantum Dot Wave Function (still image)
31 Jan 2011 | Animations | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, David S. Ebert, Wei Qiao
Electron density of an artificial atom. The image shown displays the excited electron state in an Indium Arsenide (InAs) / Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) self-assembled quantum dot.