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Quantum dots have a small, countable number of electrons confined in a small space. Their electrons are confined by having a tiny bit of conducting material surrounded on all sides by an insulating material. If the insulator is strong enough, and the conducting volume is small enough, then the confinement will force the electrons to have discrete (quantized) energy levels. These energy levels can influence the device behavior at a macroscopic scale, showing up, for example, as peaks in the conductance. Because of the quantized energy levels, quantum dots have been called "artificial atoms." Neighboring, weakly-coupled quantum dots have been called "artificial molecules."
Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Quantum dots can be found here.
Structure and Morphology of Silicon Germanium Thin Films
30 Dec 2013 | Contributor(s):: Brian Demczyk
Single layer silicon and germanium films as well as nominally 50-50 silicon-germanium alloys were deposited on single crystal silicon and germanium (001) and (111) substrates by ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition. These films spanned the range of + 4 % film-substrate lattice mismatch. A...
Ali Khaledi Nasab
What is the effective mass of electron in InN (Quantum Dot)?
Closed | Responses: 0
I am working with InN QD. I need to know the actual electron effective mass in http://nanohub.org/answers/question/1193
Excited State Spectroscopy of a Quantum Dot Molecule
11 Jan 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Muhammad Usman
Atomistic electronic structure calculations are performed to study the coherent inter-dot couplings of the electronic states in a single InGaAs quantum dot molecule. The experimentally observed excitonic spectrum by Krenner et al (Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 057402, 2005) is quantitatively reproduced,...
Quantum Dot Quantum Computation Simulator
04 Aug 2012 | | Contributor(s):: Brian Sutton
Performs simulations of quantum dot quantum computation using a model Hamiltonian with an on-site magnetic field and modulated inter-dot exchange interaction.
NEMO5 Tutorial 5A: Devi ce Simulation - Quantum Dots
17 Jul 2012 | | Contributor(s):: Jean Michel D Sellier
This presentation introduces the capabilities of NEMO5 to simulate quantum dots.
Quantum Dot based Photonic Devices
19 Mar 2012 | | Contributor(s):: Muhammad Usman
Deployment of nanometer-sized semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) in the active region ofphotonic devices such as lasers, semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA's), photo-detectors etc.for the next generation communication systems offers unique characteristics such astemperature-insensitivity, high...
emiley krystine herbert
NEMO3D User Guide for Quantum Dot Simulations
29 Nov 2011 | | Contributor(s):: M. Usman, Gerhard Klimeck
NEMO 3D is a large and complex simulator; and understanding of its source code requires considerable knowledge of quantum mechanics, condensed matter theory, and parallel programming.
Polarization Response of Multi-layer InAs Quantum Dot Stacks
20 Oct 2011 | | Contributor(s):: Muhammad Usman
Recent experimental measurements, without any theoretical guidance, showed that isotropic polarization response can be achieved by increasing the number of QD layers in a QD stack. In this work, we analyse the polarization response of multi-layer quantum dot stacks containing up to nine quantum...
BME 695L Lecture 5: Nanomaterials for Core Design
14 Sep 2011 | | Contributor(s):: James Leary
See references below for related reading.5.1 Introduction5.1.1 core building blocks5.1.2 functional cores5.1.3 functionalizing the core surface5.2 Ferric...
The History of Semiconductor Heterostructures Research: From Early Double Heterostructure Concept to Modern Quantum Dot Structures
21 Jun 2011 | | Contributor(s):: Zhores I. Alferov
It would be very difficult today to imagine solid-state physics without semiconductor heterostructures. Semiconductor heterostructures and especially double heterostructures, including quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots, currently comprise the object of investigation of two thirds of...
Illinois ECE598XL Semiconductor Nanotechnology - 3 - Quantum Dots: Formation
15 Jun 2011 | | Contributor(s):: Xiuling Li
with what equations I can calculate photoluminescence spectra of Quantum Dots?
I want to find theoretically photo and electro luminescence of self assembled InAs/GaAs QDs in a PIN diode...
Quantitative Modeling and Simulation of Quantum Dots
16 Jul 2010 | | Contributor(s):: Muhammad Usman
Quantum dots grown by self-assembly process are typically constructed by 50,000 to 5,000,000 structural atoms which confine a small, countable number of extra electrons or holes in a space that is comparable in size to the electron wavelength. Under such conditions quantum dots can be...