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Nanoparticles in Biology and Materials: Engineering the Interface through Synthesis
out of 5 stars
29 Jan 2007 |
Monolayer-protected nanoparticles provide versatile tools for nanotechnology. In our research, we use these nanoparticles as building blocks for the creation of functional magnetic and electronic nanocomposite materials. Simultaneously, we are using these particles as scaffolds for biomolecular...
A Vision for the Digital Data Universe
18 Jan 2007 |
Enabling the nation's future through discovery, learning and innovation.
SPMW Mechanisms of atomic friction studied by friction force microscopy
12 Dec 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Meyer
Force microscopy is a versatile instrument to investigate physical phenomena on surfaces. The first emphasis is on the study of friction on the nanometer-scale, also called nanotribology. It will be shown that atomic-scale stick-slip is relatively well understood, where the dependence on velocity...
On Modeling Metabolic Systems
04 Jan 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Doraiswami Ramkrishna
Modeling metabolism has been generally based on the numerouscellular reactions to be in steady state with respect to theexternal fluxes on the cell boundary. The essence of this"steady state" approach is the identification of all thereaction rates (fluxes), both external and internal to the...
Plasmon-resonant Nanorods as Multifunctional Imaging Agents
28 Dec 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Alexander Wei
Gold nanorods have several outstanding characteristics as optical contrastagents for biomedical imaging. Their strong optical absorption atnear-infrared (NIR) frequencies can be used to generate contrast for opticalcoherence tomography (OCT) imaging, and is well matched for detectionmodalities...
McCoy Lecture: Nanodevices and Maxwell's Demon
04 Oct 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Supriyo Datta
This is a video taped live lecture covering roughly the same material as lecture 1 of "Concepts of Quantum Transport". Video only.
Materials Science on the Atomic Scale with the 3-D Atom Probe
08 Nov 2006 |
Some of the key goals of materials science and technology are to be able to design a material from first principles, to predict its behaviour, and also to optimise the processing route for its manufacture. In recent years, these goals have come closer to realisation, thanks in part to the...
Potassium Channels: Conduction, Selectivity, Blockage, Inactivation, and Gating
03 Nov 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Benoit Roux, NCN at Northwestern University
The determination of the structure of the KcsA K+ channel fromStreptomyces lividan has made it possible to investigate the functionof a biological channel at the atomic level. Because of its structuralsimilarity with eukaryotic K-channels, investigations of KcsA areexpected to help understand a...
The Limits of CMOS Scaling from a Power-Constrained Technology Optimization Perspective
17 Oct 2006 |
As CMOS scaling progresses, it is becoming very clear that power dissipation plays a dominant role in limiting how far scaling can go. This talk will briefly describe the various physical effects that arise at the limits of scaling, and will then turn to an analysis of scaling in the presence of...
24 Feb 2005 |
Nanoelectronic architectures at this point are necessarily speculative: We are still evaluating many different approaches to fabrication and are exploring unconventional devices made possible at the nano scale. This talk will start off with a review of some "classical" crossbar structures using...
Information Theory and Cell/Nanoparticle Modeling
03 Mar 2005 |
Physico-chemical models of cells and nanoparticles are being developed for pure and applied studies. Nanoparticles are simulated by a Poisson-Boltzmann equation (for determining the electric force field in bioelectrolyte media) while an all atom-simulator is used to determine structure. Both...
Autonomic Adaptation of Virtual Distributed Environments in a Multi-Domain Infrastructure
11 Jul 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Ryan Riley, Dongyan Xu
By federating resources from multiple domains, a shared infrastructure provides aggregated computation resources to a large number of users. With rapid advances in virtualization technologies, we propose the concept of virtual distributed environments as a new sharing paradigm for a multi-domain...
History of Semiconductor Engineering
28 Jun 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Bo Lojek
When basic researchers started working on semiconductors during the late nineteen thirties and on integrated circuits at the end of the nineteen fifties, they did not know that their work would change the lives of future generations. Very few people at that time recognized the significance of...
What Can We Learn About Doing Content-Based Educational Research on Teaching and Learning from the 30-Year History of Research in Chemical Education?
07 Jun 2006 |
This talk is based on the assumption that one of the functions of the National Center for Learning & Teaching is to promote basic research on teaching and learning within the content domain of nanoscale science and engineering. In order to understand what this might involve, we will look at...
Molecular Dynamics Simulations with the Second-Generation Reactive Empirical Bond Order (REBO) Potential
02 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Wen-Dung Hsu, Susan Sinnott
In this presentation, the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation will be introduced first. The applications of MD simulation, the procedure of MD simulation and some speed-up methods in MD simulation will be talked. Then the bond order potentials which are capable to predict bond breaking and new...
Logic Devices and Circuits on Carbon Nanotubes
05 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Joerg Appenzeller
Over the last years carbon nanotubes (CNs) have attracted an increasing interest as building blocks for nano-electronics applications. Due to their unique properties enabling e.g. ballistic transport at room-temperature over several hundred nanometers, high performance CN field-effect transistors...
Teaching approaches for including nanotechnology and other current topics in the undergraduate curriculum: Context, inquiry and authentic science practice
02 May 2006 |
Topics in nanotechnology and nanoscience are unlikely to be found to any great extent in traditional instructional materials, including textbooks and laboratory manuals. While this may change in the future, it would be useful for today's undergraduate classroom to make use of teaching approaches...
NCSA: Powering Cyber-research in the 21st Century
09 May 2006 |
Since its creation by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the state of Illinois in 1986, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) has been a leader in the development and deployment of new computing and software...
Establishing a Nanotechnology Business
24 Apr 2006 |
There are several fundamental needs to consider when transitioning nanotechnology discovery into a business and, ultimately, the marketplace. These needs include steady cash flow, market focus, the right pool of skills, correct timing, and adequate funding. Developers of a nanotechnology business...
First Principles-Based Modeling of materials: Towards Computational Materials Design
20 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Alejandro Strachan
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with accurate, first principles-based interatomic potentials is a powerful tool to uncover and characterize the molecular-level mechanisms that govern the chemical, mechanical and optical properties of materials. Such fundamental understanding is critical to...