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Thermal transport at sub-micron scales differs substantially from that at normal length scales. Physical laws for heat transfer, such as Fourier's law for heat conduction, fail when the mean free path of energy carriers becomes comparable to the length scales of interest. This occurs in modern microelectronic devices, where for example, channel dimensions, now below 100 nm in length, are comparable to the mean free path of phonons in silicon at room temperature. Research in the nanoscale thermal transport area addresses novel physics at small length and time scales and novel technologies that exploit this class of physics.
Learn more about nanoscale thermo transport from the resources available on this site, listed below.
MIT Tools for Energy Conversion and Storage
13 Sep 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Jeffrey C Grossman, Joo-Hyoung Lee, Varadharajan Srinivasan, Alexander S McLeod, Lucas Wagner
Atomic-Scale Simulation Tools to Explore Energy Conversion and Storage Materials
Illinois ME 498 Introduction of Nano Science and Technology, Lecture 10: Thermal and Electric Conduction in Nanostructures
05 Oct 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Nick Fang, Omar N Sobh
Thermal and Electric Conduction in NanostructuresTopics: Back to Constitutive Equations Coupled Heat and Electron Conduction Thermoelectric Cooling Principle of Thermoelectric Effect Comparison of Different Materials Challenges in Efficiency Nanoscale Thermoelectricity
Metal Oxide Nanowires as Gas Sensing Elements: from Basic Research to Real World Applications
out of 5 stars
21 Sep 2009 | | Contributor(s):: andrei kolmakov
Quasi 1-D metal oxide single crystal chemiresistors are close to occupy their specific niche in the real world of solid state sensorics. Potentially, the major advantage of this kind of sensors with respect to available granular thin film sensors will be their size and stable, reproducible and...
Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 3.1 - Hot Chips: Electrons and Phonons
17 Feb 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop, Omar N Sobh
Electrons and Phonons
Illinois ECE 598EP Lecture 1 - Hot Chips: Atoms to Heat Sinks
29 Jan 2009 | | Contributor(s):: Eric Pop
IntroductionContent: The Big Picture Another CPU without a Heat Sink Thermal Management Methods Impact on People and Environment Packaging cost IBM S/390 refrigeration and processor packaging Intel Itanium and Pentium 4packaging Graphics Cards Under/Overclocking Environment A More Detailed Look...
Thermoelectric Power Factor Calculator for Nanocrystalline Composites
18 Oct 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Terence Musho, Greg Walker
Quantum Simulation of the Seebeck Coefficient and Electrical Conductivity in a 2D Nanocrystalline Composite Structure using Non-Equilibrium Green's Functions
Quantum and Thermal Effects in Nanoscale Devices
18 Sep 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Dragica Vasileska
To investigate lattice heating within a Monte Carlo device simulation framework, we simultaneously solve the Boltzmann transport equation for the electrons, the 2D Poisson equation to get the self-consistent fields and the hydrodynamic equations for acoustic and optical phonons. The phonon...
28 May 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Feifei Lian, Feifei Lian, Feifei Lian
This tool performs a self-consistent simulation of the current-voltage curve of a metallic single-wall carbon nanotube with Joule heating.
BNC Annual Research Review: An Introduction to PRISM and MEMS Simulation
04 Jun 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Jayathi Murthy
This presentation is part of a collection of presentations describing the projects, people, and capabilities enhanced by research performed in the Birck Center, and a look at plans for the upcoming year.
Nanoscale Opto Thermo Electric Energy Conversion Devices
28 May 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Ali Shakouri
We review solid-state devices that allow direct conversion of heat into electricity. We describe fundamental and practical limits of conventional thermoelectric materials. Novel metal-semiconductor nanocomposites are developed where the heat and charge transport are modified at the atomic level....
Heat Transfer across Solid Contacts Enhanced with Nanomaterials
11 Feb 2008 | | Contributor(s):: Timothy S Fisher
This presentation will describe thermal transport processes at solid-solid material interfaces. An overview of applications in the electronics industry will serve to motivate the subject, and then the basic diffusive constriction theory will be developed. The addition of carbon nanotube arrays...
An Experimentalists’ Perspective
19 Dec 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Arunava Majumdar
This presentation was one of 13 presentations in the one-day forum, "Excellence in Computer Simulation," which brought together a broad set of experts to reflect on the future of computational science and engineering.
Microscale Ionic Wind for Local Cooling Enhancement
26 Oct 2007 | | Contributor(s):: David B Go
As the electronics industry continues to develop small, highly functional, mobile devices, new methods of cooling are required to manage the thermal requirements of the not only the chip but the entire system. Comfortable skin temperatures, small form factors, and limited power consumption are...
MCW07 Simple Models for Molecular Transport Junctions
13 Sep 2007 | | Contributor(s):: , Abraham Nitzan, Mark Ratner
We review our recent research on role of interactions in molecular transport junctions. We consider simple models within nonequilibrium Green function approach (NEGF) in steady-state regime.
Electron Emission from Nanoscale Carbon Materials
15 May 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Timothy S Fisher
Prior studies on electron emission show possibly beneficial effects ofnanoscale phenomena on energy-conversion characteristics. For example,recent work has shown that the electric field around a nanoscale fieldemission device can increase the average energy of emitted electrons. Weconsider here...
Atomistic Green's Function Method 1-D Atomic Chain Simulation
16 Apr 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Zhen Huang, Wei Zhang, Timothy S Fisher, Sridhar Sadasivam
Calculation of Thermal Conductance of an Atomic Chain
BNC Annual Research Symposium: Nanoscale Energy Conversion
23 Apr 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Timothy S Fisher
CMOS-Nano Hybrid Technology: a nanoFPGA-related study
04 Apr 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Wei Wang
Dr. Wei Wang received his PhD degree in 2002 from Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada, in Electrical and Computer Engineering. From 2002 to 2004, he was an assistant professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, the University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada....
Highly Efficient Thermal Transport: The Application of Carbon Nanotube Array Interfaces
01 Feb 2007 | | Contributor(s):: Baratunde A. Cola
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have received much attention in recent years for their extraordinary properties that through careful engineering may be leverage for the development of numerous advantageous applications. However, to date, only few CNT based applications exist in the market place. So when...