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A wave function is a mathematical tool used in quantum mechanics. It is a function typically of space or momentum or spin and possibly of time that returns the probability amplitude of a position or momentum for a subatomic particle. Mathematically, it is a function from a space that maps the possible states of the system into the complex numbers. The laws of quantum mechanics (the Schrödinger equation) describe how the wave function evolves over time.
Learn more about quantum dots from the many resources on this site, listed below. More information on Wave Function can be found here.
Computational Nanoscience, Lecture 20: Quantum Monte Carlo, part I
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20 May 2008 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Elif Ertekin, Jeffrey C Grossman
This lecture provides and introduction to Quantum Monte Carlo methods. We review the concept of electron correlation and introduce Variational Monte Carlo methods as an approach to going beyond...
Computational Nanoscience, Lecture 4: Geometry Optimization and Seeing What You're Doing
13 Feb 2008 | Teaching Materials | Contributor(s): Jeffrey C Grossman, Elif Ertekin
In this lecture, we discuss various methods for finding the ground state structure of a given system by minimizing its energy. Derivative and non-derivative methods are discussed, as well as the...