Nanotechnology Survey with ANTSY
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Bucky Balls, Carbon Nanotubes, Graphen, Crystal Structures, Lattices
(Image(/site/resources/tools/crystal_viewer/buckyball.jpg, 120 class=align-right) failed - File not found) (Image(/site/resources/tools/crystal_viewer/si.jpg, 120 class=align-right) failed - File not found) (Image(/site/resources/tools/crystal_viewer/fcc.jpg, 120 class=align-right) failed - File not found) (Image(/site/resources/tools/crystal_viewer/bcc.jpg, 120 class=align-right) failed - File not found) The Crystal Viewer in ANTSY tool enables the interactive visualization different Bravais lattices, and crystal planes, and materials (diamond, Si, InAs, GaAs, graphene, buckyball). It is supported by homework assignment in MS Word and Adobe PDF format.
(Image(/site/resources/tools/cntbands-ext/cntbands-ext3.gif, 140 class=align-right) failed - File not found) (Image(/site/resources/tools/cntbands-ext/cntbands-ext4.gif, 140 class=align-right) failed - File not found) Carbon nanotubes and graphene ribbons made of the single element carbon have attracted significant interest in the nanotechnology research community. The CNTbands tool in ANTSY allows students to visualize the material geometries and study the electronic structure of these materials.
Additional Lectures / Learning Modules:
(Image(/site/resources/tools/qdot/qdot1.jpg, 140 class=align-right) failed - File not found) (Image(/site/resources/tools/qdot/qdot2.jpg, 140 class=align-right) failed - File not found) Individual quantum dots can be created from two-dimensional electron or hole gases present in remotely doped quantum wells or semiconductor heterostructures. The sample surface is coated with a thin layer of resist. A lateral pattern is then defined in the resist by electron beam lithography. This pattern can then be transferred to the electron or hole gas by etching, or by depositing metal electrodes (lift-off process) that allow the application of external voltages between the electron gas and the electrodes. Such quantum dots are mainly of interest for experiments and applications involving electron or hole transport, i.e., an electrical current. The energy spectrum of a quantum dot can be engineered by controlling the geometrical size, shape, and the strength of the confinement potential. Also in contrast to atoms it is relatively easy to connect quantum dots by tunnel barriers to conducting leads, which allows the application of the techniques of tunneling spectroscopy for their investigation. Confinement in quantum dots can also arise from electrostatic potentials (generated by external electrodes, doping, strain, or impurities).
Quantum Dot Lab in ANTSY computes the eigenstates of a particle in a box of various shapes including domes and pyramids.
- Quantum Dots is a nano 101, introductory lecture that starts from particle-wave duality and explores the concepts of quantum dots
- Introduction to Quantum Dot Lab (by the author of the tool)
- Quantum Dot Spectra, Absorption, and State Symmetry: an Exercise (by the author of the tool)
- Quantum Dot Lab Learning Module: An Introduction
The Piece-Wise Constant Potential Tool in ANTSY allows calculation of the transmission and the reflection coefficient of arbitrary five, seven, nine, eleven and 2n-segment piece-wise constant potential energy profile. For the case of multi-well structure it also calculates the quasi-bound states so it can be used as a simple demonstration tool for the formation of energy bands. Also, it can be used in the case of stationary perturbation theory exercises to test the validity of, for example, the first order and the second order correction to the ground state energy of the system due to small perturbations of, for example, the confining potential. The Piece-Wise Constant Potential Tool in ANTSY can also be used to test the validity of the WKB approximation for triangular potential barriers.
- Quantum-Mechanical Reflections: an Exercise
- Double-Barrier Case: An Exercise
- From 1 well to 2 wells to 5 wells to periodic potentials: an Exercise
- Energy Bands as a Function of the Geometry of the n-Well Potential: an Exercise
- Cosine Bands: an Exercise for PCPBT
- Quantum-Mechanical Reflections in Nanodevices: an Exercise
- Tunneling Through Triangular Barrier: an Exercise for PCPBT
- Stationary Perturbation Theory: an Exercise for PCPBT
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Put a potential barrier in the path of electrons, and it will block their flow. But if the barrier is thin enough, electrons can tunnel right through due to quantum mechanical effects. Even more surprising, if two or more thin barriers are placed closely together, electrons will bounce between the barriers, and at certain resonant energies, flow right through the barriers as if they were not there! Check out the Resonant Tunneling Diode Lab in ANTSY lab, which lets you control the number of barriers and their material properties, and then simulate current as a function of bias. Devices exhibit a surprising negative differential resistance, even at room temperature! Run this tool online, right in your web browser! View a demo of this tool in action.
About ANTSY Constituent Tools
The Assembly of Basic Applications for Coordinated Understanding of Semiconductors (ANTSY) has been put together from individual disjoint tools to enable educators and students to have a one-stop-shop in semiconductor education. It therefore benefits tremendously from the hard work that the contributors of the individual tool builders have put into their tools.
As a matter of credit, simulation runs that are performed in the ANTSY tool are also credited to the individual tools, which help the ranking of the individual tools. We do also count the number of usages of the individual tools in the ANTSY tool set, to measure the ANTSY impact and possibly also improve the tool.
In the description above we do not refer to the individual tools since we want to guide the users to the composite ANTSY tool. We cite the individual tools here explicitly so they are being given the appropriate credit and on their rspective tool pages are being linked to this ANTSY topic page.
Additional Reading and Tools
(Image(/site/media/images/ABACUS_Small.png, 360 class=align-right) failed - File not found) The curriculum entitled Introduction to Semiconductor Devices is powered by the tool ABACUS. The ABACUS powered curriculum is designed to enhance the learning experience of students in existing classes on semiconductor devices in Electrical Engineering curricula. ABACUS is an assembly of different nanoHUB tools that range from crystals, bandstructure, pn junctions, and transistors.
The ABACUS powered curriculum is a curated page that provides easy access to a variety of different homework and project assignments that are relevant for the teaching of semiconductor devices. Educators can request access to homework solutions. Any community members are encouraged to contribute content to the nanoHUB. We encourage you to alert the authors of the curated page to your contribution for possible inclusion.
The curriculum entitled Quantum Mechanics for Engineers is powered by the AQME tool which is an assembly of tools we believe are useful in the teaching of introductory quantum mechanical principles in an electrical engineering or physics curriculum. Commercial semiconductor devices have become as small as a few tens of nanometers and understanding basic quantum mechanical principles of quantization, bands, and tunneling are of critical importance.
The AQME powered curriculum is a curated page that provides access to a variety of different homework and project assignments that are relevant for quantum mechanical principles. Educators can request access to homework solutions. Any community members are encouraged to contribute content to the nanoHUB. We encourage you to alert the authors of the curated page to your contribution for possible inclusion.