When we hear the term semiconductor device, we may think first of the transistors in PCs or video game consoles, but transistors are the basic component in all of the electronic devices we use in our daily lives. Electronic systems are built from such components as transistors, capacitors, wires, light-emitting diodes and semiconductor lasers. These components are typically integrated into a single chip made of a semiconductor material.
Almost every college or university department of Electrical Engineering offers instruction in the fundamental concepts of semiconductor devices. These concepts typically include lattices, crystal structure, bandstructure, band models, carrier distributions, drift, diffusion, pn junctions, solar cells, light-emitting diodes, bipolar junction transistors (BJT), metal-oxide semiconductor capacitors (MOS-caps), and multi-acronym-device field-effect transistors (mad-FETs).
Advanced courses go more deeply into semiconductor theory, device physics, fabrication processes, as well as advanced and special purpose devices, such as heterostructure devices, power devices, and optoelectronic devices.
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