Digital electronics is based on stable bits that can have one of two values, 0 and 1.

At the other extreme we have quantum computing using q-bits that are delicate quantum superpositions of 0 and 1.

Intermediate between a bit and a q-bit, is a probabilistic bit or a p-bit that are robust classical entities fluctuating randomly between 0 and 1.

How could we implement p-bits and what could we do with them?

Below is a 10-minute introduction by Supriyo Datta.

K.Y. Camsari, S. Chowdhury and S.Datta “Scaled Quantum Circuits Emulated with Room Temperature p-Bits,” https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.07144

A.Z.Pervaiz, L.A.Ghantasala, B.M.Sutton and K.Y. Camsari “Weighted p-bits for FPGA implementation of probabilistic circuits,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems, arxiv.org/abs/1712.04166.