Presentation describes the ferroelectric domain structure of Lanthanum-modified lead titanate ceramics, as deduced by transmission electron microscopy, including the ferroelectric to paraelectric phase transformation. A significant result was the observation of a minimum grain size for ferroelectric (twin) formation.
HREM – R. Rai
In-situ TEM – D. Jurica
CBED – T. Belicki
Minimum Grain Size - E. Goo
Director, Office of Energy Research, Office of Basic Science,
Materials Science Division, U. S. Department of Energy,
1). M. E. Lines and A. M. Glass, Principles and Applications of Ferroelectric and Related Devices, pp. 87-112, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1977.
2). A. G. Khachaturyan, Theory of Structural Transformations in Solids, pp. 368-401, Wiley, New York 1983
3). B. F. Buxton, J. A. Eades, J. W. Steeds and G. M. Rackham, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Sec. A, 284, 171-194 1976.
4). B. G. Demczyk, R. S. Rai and G. Thomas, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73(3), 615 1990.
5). B. G. Demczyk, Proceedings of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Electron Microscopy Society of America, p. 172 1987.
6). B. G. Demczyk and D. E. Laughlin, Annalytical Electron Microscopy 1987, p. 135.
Cite this work
Researchers should cite this work as follows: