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Nano Electro-Mechanical Systems (NEMS) are tiny
machines built at the nanometer scale. Current
NEMS applications are simple machines, such as
the tiny cantilever shown at the right. An electrical circuit measures the deflection
of the lever. A larger version of this device,
with dimensions at the micrometer or millimeter
scale, is commonly used as an airbag sensor in
automobiles. A sudden stop causes a strong
deflection of the lever, which signals that
the airbags should be deployed. At the nano
scale, such a lever is sensitive enough to
measure the weight of individual atoms or
molecules resting upon it.
Learn more about NEMS from the
resources available on this site, listed below.
Understanding Phonon Dynamics via 1D Atomic Chains
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04 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Timothy S Fisher
Phonons are the principal carriers of thermal energy in semiconductors and insulators, and they serve a vital role in dissipating heat produced by scattered electrons in semiconductor devices. Despite the importance of phonons, rigorous understanding and inclusion of phonon dynamics in...
Chemical Modification of GaAs with TAT Peptide and Alkylthiol Self-Assembled Monolayers
03 Aug 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Hamsa Jaganathan
The use of self-assembled monolayers (SAM) on semiconductors creates a basis for the design and creation of bioelectronics, such as biosensors. The interface between the surface and an organic monolayer can change significant electrical and physiochemical properties of a biological device....
Nanotubes and Nanowires: One-dimensional Materials
17 Jul 2006 | | Contributor(s)::
What is a nanowire? What is a nanotube? Why are they interesting and what are their potential applications? How are they made? This presentation is intended to begin to answer these questions while introducing some fundamental concepts such as wave-particle duality, quantum confinement, the...
What is "Nanofluidics"? or The Nano-izing of Fluid Mechanics
28 Jun 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Steve Wereley
Micro- and nanoscaled fluid mechanics are rapidly emerging as important supporting fields in biomedical technology, nanotechnology, etc., as well as being important fields of study in their own right. Despite the common use of these terms in the literature, the fluid behavior at these small...
16 Jun 2006 | | Contributor(s):: , Zhi Tang, huijuan zhao, Narayan Aluru
Compute the strain effects on the thermal properties of bulk crystalline silicon
15 Jun 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Gang Li, yang xu, Narayan Aluru
Compute the charge density distribution and potential variation inside a MOS structure by using a coarse-grained tight binding model
Molecular Dynamics Simulations with the Second-Generation Reactive Empirical Bond Order (REBO) Potential
02 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Wen-Dung Hsu, Susan Sinnott
In this presentation, the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation will be introduced first. The applications of MD simulation, the procedure of MD simulation and some speed-up methods in MD simulation will be talked. Then the bond order potentials which are capable to predict bond breaking and new...
Establishing a Nanotechnology Business
24 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s)::
There are several fundamental needs to consider when transitioning nanotechnology discovery into a business and, ultimately, the marketplace. These needs include steady cash flow, market focus, the right pool of skills, correct timing, and adequate funding. Developers of a nanotechnology...
First Principles-Based Modeling of materials: Towards Computational Materials Design
20 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Alejandro Strachan
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with accurate, first principles-based interatomic potentials is a powerful tool to uncover and characterize the molecular-level mechanisms that govern the chemical, mechanical and optical properties of materials. Such fundamental understanding is critical to...
20 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: , Narayan Aluru
Computes the surface charge density distribution on the surface of the conductors in a multiconductor system
EDA Challenges in Nanoscale Design: A Synopsys Perspective
11 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s)::
Rich Goldman gives an overview of the current state ofthe semiconductor and EDA (Electronic Design Automation) industry with aspecial focus on the impact of nanometer scale design on design tools andthe economics of the industry.
Introduction to the CENEMS Simulation Tool (Learning Module)
15 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: , Narayan Aluru
This learning module is an introduction to the CENEMS simulation tool. Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) often contains multiple nanoscale conductors. CENEMS is a user-friendly 2-D classical electrostatic analysis tool that computes the charge density distribution on the surface of the...
Molecular Dynamics Studies of Gaseous Transport
05 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Ki-Ho Lee, Jason, Susan Sinnott
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have generated a great deal of interest due to their unique properties. In this study, we examine the transport properties of various nanotubes using REBO-MD to determine the effects of diameter and chirality on transport mode. Both oxygen and methane were diffused...
Thermal Microsystems for On-Chip Thermal Engineering
04 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Suresh V. Garimella
Electro-thermal co-design at the micro- and nano-scales is critical for achieving desired performance and reliability in microelectronic circuits. Emerging thermal microsystems technologies for this application area are discussed, with specific examples including a novel micromechanical...
Tribological Properties of Carbon Nanotube Bundles
03 Apr 2006 | | Contributor(s):: SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The tribological properties of carbon nanotube(CNT) bundles are investigated in this research using classical molecular dynamics(MD) simulations. Bundle of hollow single walled CNT or CNT filled with C60 is placed between two hydrogen-terminated amorphous diamond-like carbon(DLC) substrates. The...
The Effect of Temperature Control on the Mechanical Behavior of Carbon Nanotubes
29 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The effect of thermostat configurations on the mechanical behavior of empty and butane (n-C4H10) filled (10,10) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is examined using classical, atomistic, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. In particular, the influence of different types of thermostats, relative numbers of...
Mark Ratner Interview on Nanotechnology
23 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Mark Ratner, Krishna Madhavan
Nanotechnology interview with Krishna Madhavan.
Irradiation and Nanomechanics of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
23 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Sharon Pregler, Susan Sinnott
Irradiation of nanotube structures with electron and ion beams has been used to produce functionalized nanotubes and fundamentally new structures, including junctions. Here, we build on previous studies to investigate the low-energy electron and ion (Ar and CF3) beam irradiation of triple walled...
Engineering the Fiber-Matrix Interface in Carbon Nanotube Composites
23 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: Sharon Pregler, Yanhong Hu, Susan Sinnott
Particle depositions on polymer and carbon substrates to induce surface chemical modification are a growing research topic in particle-surface interactions due to localized deposition energy and the high density of molecules impacting the surface. Previous simulations have shown that particle...
Bending Properties of Carbon Nanotubes
21 Mar 2006 | | Contributor(s):: SeongJun Heo, Susan Sinnott
The effect of filling carbon nanotubes on the mechanical, especially bending, behavior of empty and filled (10,10) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is examined using classical, atomistic, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. In particular, influences of different filling materials like C60 or other CNT...