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Efficiency Enhancement for Nanoelectronic Transport Simulations
02 Feb 2014 | | Contributor(s):: Jun Huang
PhD thesis of Jun HuangContinual technology innovations make it possible to fabricate electronic devices on the order of 10nm. In this nanoscale regime, quantum physics becomes critically important, like energy quantization effects of the narrow channel and the leakage currents due to tunneling....
Structure and Morphology of Silicon Germanium Thin Films
30 Dec 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Brian Demczyk
Single layer silicon and germanium films as well as nominally 50-50 silicon-germanium alloys were deposited on single crystal silicon and germanium (001) and (111) substrates by ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition. These films spanned the range of + 4 % film-substrate lattice mismatch. A...
Device Physics Studies of III-V and Silicon MOSFETS for Digital Logic
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Himadri Pal
III-V's are currently gaining a lot of attraction as possible MOSFET channel materials due to their high intrinsic mobility. Several challenges, however, need to be overcome before III-V's can replace silicon (Si) in extremely scaled devices. The effect of low density-of-states of III-V materials...
III-V Nanoscale MOSFETS: Physics, Modeling, and Design
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Yang Liu
As predicted by the International Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS), power consumption has been the bottleneck for future silicon CMOS technology scaling. To circumvent this limit, researchers are investigating alternative structures and materials, among which III-V compound semiconductor-based...
Inelastic Transport in Carbon Nanotube Electronic and Optoelectronic Devices
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Siyu Koswatta
Discovered in the early 1990's, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are found to have exceptional physical characteristics compared to conventional semiconductor materials, with much potential for devices surpassing the performance of present-day electronics. Semiconducting CNTs have large carrier mobilities...
Physics and Simulation of Nanoscale Electronic and Thermoelectric Devices
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: raseong kim
For the past few decades, transistors have been continuously scaled. Dimensions are now at the nanoscale, and device performance has dramatically improved. Nanotechnology is also achieving breakthroughs in thermoelectrics, which have suffered from low efficiencies for decades. As the device scale...
Quantum and Atomistic Effects in Nanoelectronic Transport Devices
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Neophytos Neophytou
As devices scale towards atomistic sizes, researches in silicon electronic device technology are investigating alternative structures and materials. As predicted by the International Roadmap for Semiconductors, (ITRS), structures will evolve from planar devices into devices that include 3D...
Carbon Nanotube Electronics: Modeling, Physics, and Applications
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Jing Guo
In recent years, significant progress in understanding the physics of carbon nanotube electronic devices and in identifying potential applications has occurred. In a nanotube, low bias transport can be nearly ballistic across distances of several hundred nanometers. Deposition of high-k gate...
Computational and Experimental Study of Transport in Advanced Silicon Devices
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Farzin Assad
In this thesis, we study electron transport in advanced silicon devices by focusing on the two most important classes of devices: the bipolar junction transistor (BJT) and the MOSFET. In regards to the BJT, we will compare and assess the solutions of a physically detailed microscopic model to...
Device Physics and Simulation of Silicon Nanowire Transistors
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Jing Wang
As the conventional silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) approaches its scaling limits, many novel device structures are being extensively explored. Among them, the silicon nanowire transistor (SNWT) has attracted broad attention from both the semiconductor industry...
Direct Solution of the Boltzmann Transport Equation in Nanoscale Si Devices
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Kausar Banoo
Predictive semiconductor device simulation faces a challenge these days. As devices are scaled to nanoscale lengths, the collision-dominated transport equations used in current device simulators can no longer be applied. On the other hand, the use of a better, more accurate Boltzmann Transport...
Electron Phonon Interaction in Carbon Nanotube Devices
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Sayed Hasan
With the end of silicon technology scaling in sight, there has been a lot of interest in alternate novel channel materials and device geometry. Carbon nanotubes, the ultimate one-dimensional (1D) wire, is one such possibility. Since the report of the first CNT transistors, lots has been learned...
Exploring New Channel Materials for Nanoscale CMOS
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Anisur Rahman
The improved transport properties of new channel materials, such as Ge and III-V semiconductors, along with new device designs, such as dual gate, tri gate or FinFETs, are expected to enhance the performance of nanoscale CMOS devices. Novel process techniques, such as ALD, high-# dielectrics, and...
Nanoscale MOSFETS: Physics, Simulation and Design
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Zhibin Ren
This thesis discusses device physics, modeling and design issues of nanoscale transistors at the quantum level. The principle topics addressed in this report are 1) an implementation of appropriate physics and methodology in device modeling, 2)development of a new TCAD (technology computer aided...
Physics and Simulation of Quasi-Ballistic Transport in Nanoscale Transistors
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Jung-Hoon Rhew
The formidable progress in microelectronics in the last decade has pushed thechannel length of MOSFETs into decanano scale and the speed of BJTs into hundreds of gigahertz. This progress imposes new challenges on device simulation as the essential physics of carrier transport departs that of...
Two-Dimensional Scattering Matrix Simulations of Si MOSFET'S
28 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Carl R. Huster
For many years now, solid state device simulators have been based on the drift-diffusion equations. As transistor sizes have been reduced, there has been considerable concern about the predictive capability of these simulators. This concern has lead to the development of a number of simulation...
Landauer Approach to Thermoelectrics
23 Jun 2013 | | Contributor(s):: Changwook Jeong
Many efforts have been made to search for materials that maximize the thermoelectric (TE) figure of merit, ZT, but for decades, the improvement has been limited because of the interdependent material parameters that determine ZT. Recently, several breakthroughs have been reported by applying...
Theoretical studies of rolled-up and wrinkled nanomembranes
20 Feb 2012 | | Contributor(s):: Peter Cendula
PhD thesis along with additional movie files.
Theory and characterization of random defect formation and its implication in variability of nanoscale transistors
30 Sep 2011 | | Contributor(s):: Ahmad Ehteshamul Islam
Over the last 50 years, carrier transport has been the central research topic in the semiconductor area. The outcome was a dramatic improvement in the performance of a transistor, which is one of the basic building blocks in almost all the modern electronic devices. However, nanoscale dimensions...
Thermal Property Measurements of High Pressure Metal Hydrides
02 Jun 2011 | | Contributor(s):: Scott M. Flueckiger
Metal hydrides are potential materials for onboard hydrogen storage. Thermal property measurements are needed to optimize the thermal management design of metal hydride storage systems which require a measurement technique developed with considerations of the thermodynamics of the hydriding...